Dysentery is an acute bacterial intestinal infection that attacks the colon, largely end his department.Dysentery is found in half of all children under the age of one year, cases of DCI.When the diagnosis of dysentery in children, it is important to have data on the presence of outbreaks of dysentery, seasonality, registration of cases in the patient's environment.This intestinal infection has an incubation period lasting from a few hours to a week, but in most cases it is 2-3 days, in connection with which it is possible to determine the possible source of infection.What are the symptoms of dysentery and features of the disease?
symptoms of dysentery in children
Home dysentery is usually acute, accompanied by fever, the appearance of fever, decrease in appetite.The degree of toxicity can vary from the appearance of headaches and weakness in the case of a light flow of seizures and before twilight state of consciousness to severe.A little later, the symptoms of dysentery in children joined the appea
Through palpation of the abdomen, there is a spasm and felt pain of the colon, which are more pronounced in the area of the sigmoid colon, is defined as a thick plait.The chair is typical of the distal colitis - it has an admixture of mucus and blood, it gradually assumes the character of "rectal spittle" with a frequency of 2-3 times a day with a mild form of the disease to 15-20-year-if severe.The disease lasts 1-2 days with mild and 8-9 days in the case of a favorable course of severe dysentery.
In children older than one year can develop a version of dysentery - enterokolitichesky, the occurrence of which is typically the case in the way of food contamination.The disease begins acutely in the child, there is repeated vomiting and signs of intoxication, it usually entails the development of significant dehydration.Initially, the diarrhea has enteritnym character, stools watery, copious, after 1-2 days marked decrease in its volume, it begin to appear mucus and streaks of blood.
dysentery symptoms in young children may be acute or more worn or slow.Maybe the absence of signs of distal colitis for a long time, often the disease takes on the character of enteritis or enterocolitis.Depending on the toxicity, and dehydration is determined by the severity of the disease.Much later, an admixture of blood, compared with older children, by itself, the disease is more durable, but in the case of improper diet and observance of inadequate treatment, may develop in an infant dystrophy.
diagnosis of dysentery in children
the diagnosis of dysentery in children it is important to conduct bacteriological examination of faeces child.As the acute phase ends, you need to conduct another bacteriological examination to ensure that there was a full liberation of the body from infection.
When an atypical form of dysentery, during their development is not accompanied by colitis and violations of the chair.Their detection is possible if the survey contact the source of infection.These forms are considered bacteriocarrier.