How does alcohol on conceiving a child?Drunkenness future parents at the moment of conception can lead to the birth of a child with a disease.According to scientists, on the psychological and physical condition of the offspring directly affect toxins, including alcohol occupies a leading position.It is important to realize that alcoholic drinks have a negative effect on conception, not only during the regular consumption, but also for the occasional, preconception.
Those who believe that alcohol at conception adversely affects only the woman's body, profoundly mistaken.
effects of alcohol on the man at conception
in the male carriers of hereditary (genetic) information are the sperm (spermatozoon), and the health of future children depends on their condition.
in the male sperm is formed all life, from the time of puberty.Another portion of the sperm matures in about seventy-two days.This means that the sperm to fertilize the egg, there was more than two months ago, and he had to experience the impact of all negative factors that during this time a man exposed himself, including alcohol.
In particular, the regular use of alcohol has a traumatic effect on the testes (male reproductive glands) reduced their weight and the lumen of the seminiferous tubules, damaged layer of cells (germinal epithelium), which appear sperm.As a result, most of the sperm is not fully mature and immature in such a fall in the seminal fluid.The shape of the sperm is defective: no tail or head, changed the structure of the body.Most of these sperm are immobile, in other words, they can not fertilize an egg.
if some of them manage to reach the egg and fertilize it, so the egg (zygote) is killed (miscarriage) or gives defective offspring.
for conception is crucial sperm motility and their number in the seminal fluid.The number of sperm in the semen under the influence of alcohol decreases.Studies have shown that even with moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages during the year, the number of sperm per milliliter is reduced from 180 to 140 million, while dramatically lost their ability to fertilize.
Thus, the quality of semen regular consumption of alcohol has a tremendous negative impact, but to improve its fertility is sufficient at least for two or three months of lifestyle changes.
effect of alcohol on a woman at conception
The egg matures in a woman's monthly, and this process is influenced by a variety of factors, including alcohol.However, malformations in pre-implantation period arise.
In other words, alcohol, drunk future mother during the LMP and before conception, is not likely to harm the fetus.But after this period, the fetus appears excessive sensitivity to the harmful effects that can lead to serious illnesses and deformities or death of the fetus.The first two weeks - crucial for the embryo to develop normally and can only healthy embryos.
If cells are damaged by infection, nicotine, strong drugs or alcohol, they stop dividing.In this case, in the form of delayed menstruation occurs very early miscarriage.If the embryo continues to develop, this is proof that it does not hurt.But from this moment for the mother liquor is banned.
consequences of drunken conception
Alcohol contained in known all intoxicating beverages is ethanol (ethyl alcohol), which is in the human body causing all sorts of changes.In men, alcohol abuse, among other things, a decrease in potency is manifested, libido and other sexual dysfunction.
As for women, the use of alcoholic beverages during pregnancy face extremely serious consequences.Ethanol readily crosses the placental barrier and enters the fetal blood, which is fraught with the emergence of so-called teratogenic (from the Greek teratos-monster) effect, which can cause birth defects.Terarogennoe effect of ethanol, affecting the fetus during critical periods of development, causes fetal alcohol syndrome.
This syndrome leads to various pathologies: a disproportionate body, narrow eye slits, underdeveloped lower jaw and the zygomatic arch, short upper lip, etc., In the nervous system - the underdevelopment of the brain, incomplete overgrowth of the spinal canal, heart disease, the pathology of the joints andexternal genitalia.