August
12
22:25
Hormonal treatments

Hormones during menopause

Not all women climax is painless and easy enough.Poor health caused not only by hormonal changes in menopause, but also with other factors: the presence of general and gynecological diseases, working conditions, the neuro-psychiatric state and many others.

Should I take the medication during menopause?

To facilitate the state of women in menopause and for the prevention of complications such as cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, hormone replacement therapy is used.Now pharmacies can acquire the drug with analogues of female sex hormones, from among those used for hormone replacement therapy.But it does not self-medicate, consult with a specialist.

Due to hormonal changes during menopause in women begin to happen reaction, adversely affecting her health.This concerns not only the symptoms of menopause - a bad mood, itching in the vagina, hot flashes, but very serious complications such as osteoporosis.The lack of estrogen that occurs during menopause, a negative effect on bone density, which is why

the structure of the bones become more brittle and significantly increases the risk of fractures.A fall or a minor bruise may lead to serious injury.From special diets (leafy vegetables, milk, cheese) little use needed medication.

preparations containing hormones are the solution to this problem.They are appointed for women during menopause and are called "hormone replacement therapy".

Hormone replacement therapy

menopausal women prescribers, which include active estrogen.Such formulations may further contain another hormone - progestogen.

drugs with estrogen in a continuous reception mode is prescribed for women who have a uterus, the rest - with estrogen and progestogen in a mono-, two- and three-phase products.Sometimes hormones completely block the loss of bone tissue.

Modern hormonal preparations contain a minimum of estrogen and progestogen.Typically, the estrogen content of not more than 20 - 35 micrograms of progestogen - 50 - 150 mg. That in hormone replacement therapy reduces the risk of side effects.Hormonal treatments with 35 micrograms of estrogen are low-dose, with at least 30 micrograms - to mikrodozirovannym.Formulations which contain at least hormones do not disturb the metabolism and increase the weight.

Side effects

Hormonal drugs can not only ease the symptoms of menopause and to deal with complications, but also cause a lot of unwanted side effects.At their reception possible headaches, swelling, weight gain, breast tenderness, cholestasis (stagnation of bile), which causes digestive disorders.

Contraindications to the use of hormonal drugs

Some women hormonal drugs is strictly contraindicated.This category includes:

  • woman bleeding from the genital organs, the nature of which has not been established;
  • disease and impaired renal function;
  • disease and impaired liver function;
  • etrogenzavisimymi malignancies;
  • endometrial cancer or breast cancer;
  • severe diabetes;
  • thrombosis or thromboembolism.

duration of hormonal drugs

The duration of hormonal drugs is dependent on the nature of the symptoms of menopause and their severity.Therefore, in each case to the determination of the duration of the course is suitable doctor individually.If there are only vegetovascular symptoms of menopause, the treatment lasts several months.But for the prevention and treatment of central nervous, cardiovascular and skeletal systems need to take hormones for a long time from 3 to 5 years.Unfortunately, when the abolition of hormones may disappear therapeutic effect.

When hormonal drugs can cause problems, so their long-term use should be supervised by a doctor who will monitor the condition of the breast, reproductive system, and also to investigate the tissue for cancer cells.

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