Ginekomastiyapredstavlyaet an increase or growth of breast tissue.Sometimes gynecomastia, wearing a false character.The appearance of the disease associated with the presence of the mass of fat that occur with obesity.These deposits glandular tissues increase in volume.Disease manifests in the form of seals breast tissue and its significant increase.If the glandular tissue in the breast is increasing rapidly, it may cause pain, but over time they are reduced and may even disappear altogether.
gynecomastia gynecomastia in men is associated with immense predominance of estrogen in men.The formation of these hormones in normal male body slightly, and they are very rapidly destroyed by the liver.The predominance of the estrogen hormones, which are produced by the male body (androgens) is one of great importance in the development of gynecomastia.Also, the disease may be associated with decreased testosterone levels.The causes of gynecomastia very much.One of them is to increase the level of prolactin, which is possible in case of stress and in case of a weak androgynous influence.
Types of gynecomastia
- in newborn infants;
- the elderly.
Pathologic gynecomastia may be due to chemical agents because of a violation of the natural hormonal balance.The disease can also occur due to infection, "pig", which is viral in nature, and her eggs are called inflammation.After puberty decreases the activity of the testicles, and the ability of conception arises a tendency to increase in glandular tissue.Increased glandular tissue in men may be associated with other diseases, including liver failure, hyperthyroidism, liver cirrhosis, renal failure, heart failure.By the rarer cases of the disease include swelling of the testes, adrenals, lungs and pancreas.
Adolescents glandular tissue can be soft to the touch, but look like bumps around the nipples.This phenomenon is quite common, and it may take a few months,It is reversible, friendly character.If excess glandular tissue is applied to it at the teenager psychological trauma, they can be removed surgically.But this method of disposal is not recommended because it is a phenomenon that occurs in adolescents usually resolves on its own.
appearance of gynecomastia in male newborns can be at the birth or after some time.It is caused by the presence of a baby's mother hormones that cross the placenta, while the baby is still in the womb.This is not an aberration in health.Puberty 99% of these children is going well.
Older men glandular tissue increases after the age of 45 years.This is due to decreased production of hormones by the testes.When reducing the production of testosterone in the blood hormone deficiency occurs, whereby tissue growth is observed.
disease may also be associated with taking medication, which are used in the treatment of male sexual organs.
Treatment of Gynecomastia Treatment of Gynecomastia
aims to ensure that the ratio of estrogen / testosterone was normal.For this purpose Medications that increase the level of testosterone and antiestrogens.But it is worth remembering that the use of these drugs should be carried out with the full supervision of the endocrinologist.These means can achieve good results only in early disease.If flourished disease for several years, such a treatment is ineffective.
Surgical treatment of gynecomastia
considered the most effective surgical treatment of gynecomastia, in which the glandular tissue are removed surgically.These operations are carried easily, so after the elections there is no need for an additional period of rehabilitation.Hospitalization of the patient is carried out at night.When you remove the glands with its small size, the patient can go home almost immediately after surgery.In order to adequately recovered skin reduction, patients are advised to wear elastic Waist-shirts made of special material.Work can begin in 2-4 days.Sports can be restored in a month.