Infectious diseases

Symptoms of sepsis and complications

Under sepsis refers to sepsis.The disease may be acute, subacute or chronic form.In human blood, thus constitutively proliferate harmful viruses, bacteria, fungi.In the propagation of these organisms throughout the body there is sepsis.Consider the symptoms of sepsis and complications that may result from the disease.

symptoms of sepsis

The first signs of sepsis is a slight increase in body temperature.Thus there is heat, there are signs of fever.There profuse sweating, after the heat - the appearance of a fever.Often all this is accompanied by aches, pain in muscles and joints, skin rashes, papular or having hemorrhagic type.

When the disease develops, increasing the degree of intoxication, liver and spleen, the frequency of contractions of the heart muscle, decreases blood pressure, a person becomes more sluggish, inactive, they feel a strong weakness.It is noted the occurrence of violations of the chair, the signs of anorexia.

Sepsis may be manifested in many ways.Among the varieties of sepsis s

tands sharp, lightning-fast, sub-acute and chronic sepsis.In the case of developing fulminant sepsis, severe clinical performed rapidly within 1-3 days from the time when the body infiltrated infectious agents.The island is sepsis within the first 1-2 months, and then usually marked subsidence of the acute effects, but sometimes the disease is acquired undulating course.Then after 2-3 months it is possible to talk about subacute sepsis.After 5-6 months of onset sepsis takes a chronic course.

For the most common symptom of sepsis accepted occurrence of fever.As a rule, the body temperature reaches its maximum value in the evening, she is a constant fever, may be a small daily fluctuations and the tendency to increase body temperature, which is characteristic of severe and very severe forms of acute sepsis.Additionally, fever may be remitting at which the daily fluctuations in the 1-2 °.The body temperature decreases as the readjustment of foci of infection or suppression.Also fever is undulating, mostly it is characteristic of subacute and recurrent sepsis, when the invasion of bacteria in the bloodstream is not suppressed.A sudden fever accompanied by tachycardia, shortness of breath, chills, sharp, sometimes vomiting, which usually indicates a massive entry into the bloodstream products or purulent putrid decay of tissues.It happens that the reaction temperature is absent in the case of unresponsiveness course of sepsis in patients related to old age, or treatment with corticosteroids, cytotoxic drugs, and exposure to ionizing radiation.

often observed in sepsis yellowness of the skin and mucous membranes, revealed an enlarged spleen and liver, there oliguria, at which the further development of edema, which together indicates the severity of parenchymal organs.

complication in sepsis

The most serious complications in sepsis is the development of infectious-toxic (septic) shock which may arise during any kind of sepsis and any periods of its course.Often, before his development occurs dyspnea, impaired consciousness.The main signs of septic shock include sudden disturbance of microcirculation, rapidly progressive circulatory failure with a rich chills.In the later stages indicated the occurrence of violations of consciousness up to coma, marked acrocyanosis, pale skin, oliguria expressed tachypnea, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting.Hyperthermia is replaced by a decrease in body temperature, sweating, marked tachycardia, drop in blood pressure, decrease in venous return.Other complications include the development of sepsis at pielita, endocarditis, pneumonia, bleeding, thrombosis, embolism, decubitus, which is due to intoxication and generalization of infection.

Complications of sepsis often changes significantly its clinical picture and determine the outcome of the disease.

For the most specific and severe complication of sepsis made development of septic shock, the occurrence of which is possible with any kind of sepsis.Perhaps disorientation, consciousness, the occurrence of dyspnea, acrocyanosis appearance, hyperthermia, increased heart rate to 120-160 beats / min, blood pressure drop.In addition, it is possible the onset of death.