Infectious diseases

Vaccination against HPV , what are the vaccines

HPV vaccines are prophylactic.Studies have not been established providing therapeutic effects on the body's existing HPV infection.What are vaccines?Today in Russia registered two HPV vaccines - Gardasil and Cervarix.Ideally, vaccination against HPV is recommended before initiated sexual life.

HPV vaccines

First of all, the vaccine Gardasil and Cervarix against HPV are intended to carry out the prevention of infection with HPV types 16 and 18, thereby preventing the likelihood of developing cervical cancer by more than 70% of cases.The vaccine Gardasil has a protective effect of 6 and 11 types of HPV that cause genital warts.

Both vaccines are recombinant, that is, they do not contain these viruses.Vaccines incorporating contain empty shell by artificial casings which are similar to these viruses.These vaccines do not contain genetic material of the virus causing the division and further its effect on the cell, therefore the HPV infection is not possible due to vaccination Gardasil or Cervarix.

In both cases, vaccination against HPV threefold.For standard.Gardasil vaccination scheme accepted the introduction of a 3-dose scheme 0-2-6 months.The vaccine is administered intramuscularly.But there is an accelerated vaccination scheme when a second dose administered after 1 month after the first, and the third - three months after administration of the second vaccine.In case of breach the gap between the rate of immunization vaccination is completed, if the 3 vaccine were performed in one year.

Cervarix immunization comprising administering 3 doses intramuscularly, implemented under the scheme 0-1-6 months.With the introduction of the vaccine rarely experience any side effects, the most common of which is the appearance of pain at the injection site.

HPV vaccine Gardasil and Cervarix prevented infection with HPV types that are included in the vaccine in case if a woman is at the time of vaccination was not infected.It is also noted that not all vaccinees developed cervical dysplasia.Before you introduce a vaccine, there is no need to conduct testing for HPV as the extremely rare situation where a woman is infected with all HPV types included in the vaccine.In this regard, for other types that a woman is not infected, immunity is generated.In addition, there is a possibility of forming cross-immunity to the types of virus, which are not contained in the vaccine.

Vaccination against HPV

considered the most effective immunization of girls as aged 10 to 14 years is the formation of the maximum expression of immunity to HPV.Today, doctors recommend vaccination against HPV for women under the age of 26 years.To date it is not known whether there is a need for a booster to maintain immunity to HPV and how long it should pursue.Also there is no accurate data on the feasibility and necessity of immunizing men.

Action HPV vaccine

the basis of the vaccine against HPV is the stimulation of the immune system virus-like particles, which is obtained from a surface protein of HPV.The vaccine generated a good immune memory.

Indications for vaccination against HPV

doctors Vaccination against HPV is recommended for all teenage girls between the ages of 12 to 14 years.Indication for vaccination against HPV is the presence and the absence of women with HPV infection.

side effects of vaccination against HPV

as side effects of vaccination against HPV in favor of pain at the injection site, fever and occurrence of headaches.But the side effects of vaccination against HPV, doctors rarely encounter.After the introduction of the vaccine is recommended to sit for 15 minutes, as after any vaccination, especially in adolescents and young women may experience fainting.

contraindications to vaccination against HPV

contraindication for vaccination against HPV is to have hypersensitivity, including severe allergic reactions to a previous dose of the vaccine in the case of the introduction of the HPV vaccine Gardasil - on the yeast-like fungi.Vaccination should be delayed until recovery in case of any acute illness.

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