Under Herpangina mean an acute infectious disease that is accompanied by inflammation of the mucous membrane of the throat and high fever.A distinctive feature is the emergence of herpes sore throat on the soft palate or back of the throat vesicular lesions that have a predisposition for expressions.Let us see what are the causes of the disease as manifested herpangina, and how to treat the disease to alleviate the condition as soon as possible.
as the causative agent of the disease are the common everywhere Coxsackie viruses.The carrier of the infectious agent can be a sick person or a virus carrier.The cause herpangina can be infected by animals.Transmission occurs by the fecal-oral and airborne routes.The peak incidence considered summer and autumn months.
features characteristic of herpetic angina, is the appearance of the soft palate at the back of the throat or vesicular eruptions, prone to ulceration.From the moment when the infection occurred angina, before the first symptoms of the disease takes place from 7 to 14 days.
Development Herpangina begins with the appearance of sharp fever, during which the possible increase in body temperature to 39-40 degrees, and its preservation for 2-3 days, after which it noted the critical decline.Due to the high temperature may cause severe abdominal pain, vomiting.The most characteristic manifestations of herpes angina include changes in the structures of developing throat.Diameter arising on congested mucous throats of small papules of 1-2 mm.Papules quickly replaced bubbles having serous content.Such changes occur on 1-2-th day of illness, for 2-3 days blisters burst and instead appear to erosion.All these phenomena are accompanied by slight pain on swallowing, which can be painful and in some cases accompanied by a strong salivation.In most cases, 4-7 days of illness are changes in the throat.
for the treatment of herpes angina is characterized by the possession of symptomatic character.To get rid of the disease provided for the appointment of allergen and an antihistamine, such as diphenhydramine, suprastin, diazolin, calcium supplementation.As antipyretics can be used Tylenol, kalpol, efferalgan and other drugs similar to them.At the same time necessary vitamins of group B in high doses of vitamin C. During the period of the disease is recommended to prefer easily digestible vitamin diet and stick to gentle treatment of the day.In addition, excessive drinking is needed.
Due to the fact that there is a constant injury lesions, and the funds in the form of ointments have little efficacy, duration of the disease can be delayed up to 12-14 days.
recommended the holding of local therapy in the form of irrigation fluids.Can be used for this purpose spray antiseptic, antiviral drugs, proteolytic enzymes, affecting skin and pain relievers.For this purpose, it recommended the use of 0.1% or 0.2% solutions of enzymes (trypsin, chymotrypsin, himopsina et al.).Then use aerosols ("Ingalipt", "Geksoral", "Tantum Verde"), which are characterized by possessing analgesic, antiseptic, enveloping effect.
good effect is possible in the case of frequent application of liquid antiviral agents.In order to strengthen the processes of epithelialization, recommended that a UFO and light helium-neon laser, aerosol formulations "Vinizol", "PantenolV" et al., As well as lozenges (sebidin, Faringosept) has bactericidal and antiseptic effect.
Once held general and local treatment is necessary to organize a balanced diet and include therapy immunomodulators (imudon, Immunal et al.).