Respiratory diseases are the most common human diseases, regardless of age category.In most cases, respiratory diseases characterized by an infectious character, that is, the disease causes a variety of microbes.If the disease is contagious nature, it is possible, treatment with various antibiotics.Consider the rational use of antibiotics for respiratory tract infections.
germs that cause disease
Every minute on the mucosa of the human respiratory tract are deposited thousands of different microbes.The most dangerous of these are different viruses that can cause the disease in just a few hours.Second place in danger reserved for bacteria.In rare cases, the respiratory disease may be due to fungi.But this division of respiratory infections is purely theoretical because in reality for the majority of infections characterized by the possession of a mixed character.The most common type of microbial associations are viruses + bacteria.Viruses in this pair of attack first, they called the primary lesion ofthe respiratory tract - creating favorable conditions for bacterial infection could join that determines the further development of the disease.
Antibiotics for sore throat and pharyngitis
Under angina (tonsillitis) meant an inflammation of the tonsils.For most cases, angina is characterized in possession of a bacterial nature.When angina use of antibiotics is only advisable if the disease is often repeated.Children often a streptococcal tonsillitis, during which can be similar to scarlet fever.The appearance of a suspected scarlet fever or severe angina during normal is an indication to start using antibiotics.In most cases, used for the treatment of penicillin antibiotics group.If you can not use penicillin, the envisaged use of antibiotics belonging to the group of cephalosporins or macrolides.
antibiotics (penicillins), you can continue to receive and after completed basic treatment of angina.In this case, the use of antibiotics is performed to prevent the occurrence of autoimmune disease complications.
Under pharyngitis understood inflammation of the pharynx.Antibiotics for pharyngitis appointed only if the disease is chronic and there are clear signs of infection.
Treatment of bronchitis antibiotics
Among the diseases of the bronchi of the most common are bronchitis and asthma.Consider, as appropriate antibiotic treatment of bronchitis.In many cases, the primary cause of bronchitis - viral infection, but further development of the disease is determined by a bacterial infection.In treating appointed bronchitis antibiotics to prevent complications of the disease and the transition in the chronic form.
in the development of asthma infectious factor played a major role in the case of infectious-allergic asthma in adults as chronic bacterial infection has to ensure that the established bronchial hyperreactivity.Therefore antibiotic treatment is an integral part of the complex during the treatment of asthma.
Antibiotics for sinusitis and rhinitis If rhinitis
Usually when nose out watery discharge, the use of antibiotics is not necessary.The indications for the use of antibiotics is the development of chronic rhinitis.
frequent accompaniment of rhinitis are sinusitis, the treatment of which almost always requires the use of antibiotics.It is preferred antibiotic in the form of tablets or capsules intended for oral administration.Due to the increasing prevalence of mycoplasma and chlamydia infections, for the treatment of sinusitis more often prescribe antibiotics macrolide.For the treatment of sinusitis in children are shown a short course of treatment with azithromycin.