Infectious diseases

Signs of acute intestinal infections

Acute intestinal infections represent a large group of infectious diseases caused by exposure to various microorganisms.They share a similar character of disorders in the gastrointestinal tract and signs of intoxication.The result of acute intestinal infections is a strong food poisoning.

Main symptoms of acute intestinal infections

signs are nausea, severe diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fever.In the event of infection in children, added to the above features strong anxiety, diarrhea, refusal of food.

When the first symptoms of acute intestinal infection should not postpone the trip to the doctor.The treatment of intestinal infections consists of diet, fluid intake, and use of antibiotics enterosorbents.

as the source of infection are the sick people who are carriers of the pathogen, and animals.Of infection occurs by the fecal-oral route.Causes of infection associated with the consumption of infected products, the occurrence of contact with patients with acute intestinal infections, bacte

ria carriers or patients who suffer from bowel dysfunction.

Acute intestinal infections are a fairly common disease, the frequency of diseases surpassed only by respiratory disease, with more than 60% of sick children.More frequent cases of intestinal infections occur in the summer.

reasons intestinal infections

The causes of acute intestinal infections include bacteria (staphylococcus, salmonella, cholera, shigella, etc.) And viruses (rotavirus, enterovirus).

peculiarity of pathogens of acute intestinal infections is that they are able to develop quickly in water, food, dirty hands on.Of bacterial intestinal infections produced toxin (poison) that causes poisoning of the body in contact with the intestine.

main intestinal infections are food poisoning staphylococcus, salmonella, dysentery, enterovirus and rotavirus infection in children, cholera and others.

treatment of intestinal infections

the treatment of acute intestinal infections, antibiotics are used as aminoglycosides, carbapenems, fluoroquinolones, Chloramphenicol, cephalosporins.In most cases, antibiotics are used, referring to the group of fluoroquinolones (ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, pefloxacin).Do antibiotics fluoroquinolones high antibacterial activity, they differ a good absorption in the intestine.

happens that occur in acute intestinal infections, diarrhea and vomiting leading to a large loss of fluid (from one to four liters per day).It is important in the treatment of acute intestinal infections large fill fluid loss.The volume of liquid that must be consumed in intestinal infections depends on how big the degree of dehydration.

In order to eliminate the lack of fluid in acute intestinal diseases in patients prescribed Oral saline solutions.These solutions are easy to cook at home.For this it is necessary to dissolve half teaspoon salt and 5 teaspoons of sugar per liter of drinking water.

order to eliminate one of the main symptoms of intestinal infection - diarrhea - are sorbents (enterosorbents).By sorbents used in intestinal infections, include activated charcoal, smectite, Karbolong, Karbolit, Polipefan.One of the most effective sorbents - smectite produced in powder form.It should be dissolved in 100 ml of water, and to ingest.In acute intestinal infection it recommended the adoption of three to five bags per day for 4-5 days.