Vasculitis is a disease caused by inflammation of blood vessel walls.Once inflammation starts, the blood vessels are stretched, lose their resiliency, or vice versa, there is restriction to their full occlusion.The appearance of vasculitis is possible in any organ.Due to the fact that impaired blood supply to tissues and organs can be triggered by their change or even death.Nowadays not completely identified factors which can cause the development of vasculitis.Species and subspecies of vasculitis.
vasculitis Vasculitis can cause any viral infection, immune disease, may develop an allergic reaction to certain types of drugs.When the determined causes of vasculitis, the doctor examines the patient's medical history.The disease is dangerous because changes in the blood vessels, may have prolonged, iechronic, resulting in the patient for adverse effects occur.
are two types of vasculitis: primary and secondary.Under primary vasculitis refers to the development of an independe
Based on the causes of vasculitis, the severity of the disease and the localization of the disease, many subspecies stands vasculitis.Some vasculitis affects only the skin, while other organs are not affected, and some may be caused by life-threatening.By subspecies of vasculitis are:
- Wegener's granulomatosis , which affects the paranasal sinuses;
- giant cell arteritis , the development of which is a result of inflammation in the walls of medium and large arteries, and there accumulate changed (giant) cells;
- nonspecific aortoarteriit , is a chronic inflammation of the aorta and its main branches, which entails the development of stenosis and the absence of a pulse in her arms;
- allergic vasculitis of skin ;
- Kawasaki syndrome , which is characterized by the development of inflammation of blood vessels throughout the body.They mainly affects children under the age of 5 years;
- Takayasu's disease , is a chronic inflammation of the arteries through which the blood is transferred from the heart;
- Behcet's disease , is a triad of symptoms, among which included the occurrence of ulcers on the lips, the development of inflammation around the pupil of the eye, and sores on the genitals.
Under systemic vasculitis refers to a group of diseases where the disease affects multiple organs or body tissues.Among systemic necrotizing vasculitis include periarteritis nodosa, mikropoliangiit mixed vasculitis and Churg-Strauss syndrome.In children, systemic vasculitis occurs much less frequently than adults, but the difference is that they have more pronounced symptoms and a very acute course.But in the case of early diagnosis and proper treatment of the child outcome of the disease has a more optimistic outlook.
of systemic vasculitis is extremely dangerous during pregnancy because they can cause a variety of complications, up to the development of fetal death.
hemorrhagic vasculitis is one of the most common systemic vasculitis.With the development of the disease is marked plural formation microthrombi affecting the blood vessels of the skin, joints, kidneys and gastrointestinal tract.As the main symptom of hemorrhagic vasculitis appears rash, mainly on the legs.Another symptom of the disease is the simultaneous failure of several joints, in most cases - the lower extremities.Most often, hemorrhagic vasculitis occurs in children.
Cerebral vasculitis is a rare, serious and dangerous disease because it is the development of inflammation in the walls of the blood vessels of any caliber of the brain that cause ischemic stroke.As a result of these vascular changes, the formation of numerous disorders in brain tissue - tissue necrosis, hemorrhage, etc.Cerebral vasculitis is extremely difficult to diagnose because the definitive diagnosis is possible only after the analysis was to take a piece of tissue of the vessel, as it entails the risk of bleeding.Today, doctors have not revealed the causes of cerebral vasculitis.
By no less dangerous diseases include rheumatoid vasculitis.It was found that most of the subspecies of vasculitis occur in middle-aged men who abuse tobacco, which long suffered from rheumatoid arthritis.The symptoms of rheumatoid vasculitis include: the occurrence of skin lesions, the development of ulcers, mainly occurring in the lower limbs.If the disease will develop further without a therapeutic treatment, it can be obtained sad forecast: the skin of the lower limbs will be destroyed, any subcutaneous nodules, will develop fever, will be struck by the nervous system, lungs, heart, kidneys.
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