Diabetic neuropathy is a disease that occurs when nerve damage.The leading cause of neuropathy is an increased level of blood sugar.If the sugar content is destroyed as the finest nerve fibers and small blood vessels that feed the nerves.Over time violations are too serious and nerves lost the normal ability to transmit nerve impulses to and from the brain.Diabetic neuropathy in humans is primarily manifested often in the feet, which are the most remote from the body parts of the brain.
development of diabetic neuropathy
Patients with diabetes suffer in varying degrees from the presence of disorders of the nervous system.There is an increasing risk of diabetic neuropathy with age, as well as as diabetes progresses.To nerves function normally, they need adequate blood supply.Significantly reduce the risk of diabetic neuropathy can be strict control of blood sugar levels.
symptoms of diabetic neuropathy
diabetic neuropathy can be affected any part of the body.Symptoms depend on what nerves are affec
- of pain, tingling and burning;
- numbness or loss of sensitivity;
- development of muscle weakness or loss of reflexes;
- burns or injuries that are not felt by you.
Symptoms of autonomic neuropathy, where nerve fibers affects the internal organs include:
- occurrence of nausea and vomiting;
- development of constipation or loose stool;
- appearance feeling of fullness due to the fact that he emptied slowed;
- delay or incontinence, frequent occurrence of bladder infections;
- occurrence of syncope or dizziness;
- development of sexual dysfunction.
Symptoms of proximal motor neuropathy, which affects nerves in the femur, and the gluteal pelvic region include the occurrence of pain in these areas.As a rule, it is one-sided.In addition, there is a weakness in the legs.
Symptoms of focal neuropathy that affects certain nerves are hitting the eye, the appearance of pain in the hip, femoral region or lower back, in the abdomen or side, in the chest.
Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy may disappear and reappear.They can also be mistaken for symptoms of other diseases.For a correct diagnosis is necessary to inform your doctor that you have emerged or there are changes in any of the symptoms.
diagnosis of diabetic neuropathy
for the diagnosis of diabetic neuropathy doctor going to medical history and examination of the patient is carried out.They also can be tested the strength of muscle contraction, sensitivity, reflexes in response to stimulation.
Treatment of diabetic neuropathy
In identifying diabetic neuropathy treatment should be aimed at in order to prevent or slow further damage to the nerves and reduce the risk of complications.The best way to do this is to maintain a strict control of blood sugar levels.To strengthen the control can be more frequent measurement of blood sugar therapy correction in accordance with the obtained indicators, especially nutrition and physical activity.
Moreover, treatment of diabetic neuropathy is aimed at to reduce the existing symptoms, especially pain.It may be included the use of drug and non-drug funds, depending on the patient's age, overall health, medical history, the affected parts of the nervous system and symptoms begin.