Inguinal hernias occur more frequently in men than in women, due to the differences in the anatomy of the inguinal canal.Inguinal canal in men is wider and shorter than that, it strengthens weaker muscles and tendon fibers.Perhaps the formation of inguinal hernias in children.Diagnosis of inguinal hernias in most cases does not cause difficulties.
Causes inguinal hernias
Inguinal hernias are congenital or acquired.Education congenital inguinal hernia occurs in the case of omission of testicular or ovarian cancer, respectively, in boys and girls, from the abdomen into the scrotum or pelvis.The advent of acquired inguinal hernias is associated with weakness of the muscle-tendon layers of the abdominal wall in the inguinal canal.By the development of inguinal hernia have predisposing factors, including the destruction of connective tissue associated with aging;inferiority of muscle due to the presence of systemic diseases;increased intra-abdominal pressure in the event of chronic cough, constipation, ob
Symptoms of inguinal hernia
possible gradual or sudden, acute manifestationsClinic inguinal hernia.Usually the first sign of the emergence of acts of tumor in the groin bulge.At the swelling can be different sizes, it can increase during exercise, straining, coughing and shrink or disappear in the supine position.Tumor formation caused by persistent or recurrent dull pain of varying intensity and localized in the lower abdomen or groin.Pain may enroll in the lumbosacral region.Inguinal hernia large inconvenienced during exercise, walking.
diagnosis of inguinal hernia
The diagnosis of inguinal hernia does not cause difficulties.You may experience difficulties if a person fat, especially if the size of a small hernia.The basis of diagnosis are subjective feelings, and some of the symptoms.It is necessary to conduct a comparative study of the inguinal rings, consideration should be paid to the ratio of herniation to the spermatic cord.To recognize a hernia, it is important to find out whether there was a hernia in other areas, if there was any infringement of the conditions under which it appeared.
the diagnosis of inguinal hernia in the first place, the survey is conducted at the surgeon, which includes the study of the patient's complaints, conducting inspection and palpation of the inguinal region.At the same time evaluate the size and shape of protrusions, when the patient is in the vertical and horizontal position, as well as vpravlyaemost inguinal hernia.To determine the structures that form the contents of the hernia sac is performed herniography, abdominal ultrasound, men - ultrasound of the scrotum, in women - pelvic ultrasound.If the hernia is moving, it may be necessary in the performance of barium enema, cystoscopy, cystography, ultrasound of the bladder and others. Studies.When inguinal hernia differential diagnosis is provided with a femoral hernia, varicocele, hydrocele, lymphadenitis.
diagnosis of inguinal hernias is possible on the basis of swelling, changes in size depending on the position, tympanic sound.
Prevention inguinal hernias
The objectives of the prevention of an inguinal hernia include strengthening the muscles of the abdominal wall, fighting constipation, weight control, smoking cessation, which leads to coughing, wearing a brace during pregnancy.
prognosis of inguinal hernias
the presence of inguinal hernias in the long term prognosis is that possible relapse of the disease.In particular, often relapse occurs after hernia repair tension.In other cases, the prognosis of inguinal hernias for the quality of life and disability friendly.