Cervical dysplasia is precancerous processes occurring in the lining of the cervix.Cervical dysplasia develops due to the HPV virus.When injected into the cells of stratified squamous epithelium of the cervix, the virus changes its structure.In addition, HPV can cause the hands and genital warts, what causes the formation of cancer of the anal canal.Cervical dysplasia is dangerous because over time there is degeneration of the modified cells into cancer, so that a woman carried out the development of cervical cancer.
Cervical dysplasia is a pathologic process characterized by violation of the structure of the cervical epithelium.Dysplastic process can go into oncology for more than one decade.In this regard, in the case of early detection and proper treatment of dysplasia can prevent the development of its complications.
In most cases, HPV dysplasias caused by "high-risk".Increase in the number of cervical dysplasia and other inflammatory diseases of the genital tract may occur du
- frequent change of sexual partners;
- presence of chronic infectious and inflammatory diseases of the reproductive system;
- occurrence of sexually transmitted diseases in history, such as HPV and genital herpes;
- prolonged use of oral contraceptives (over 5 years);
- unprotected sex;
- bad habits - smoking, drinking, substance abuse, and others.
Prevention of cervical dysplasia
as preventing the development of cervical dysplasia can use a vaccine against HPV.Such a vaccination can be done girls, girls and women, whose age ranges from 9 to 46 years old.In addition, some countries are vaccinated and are males, since they act as carriers of HPV, sexually transmitted diseases.In cervical dysplasia no symptoms for which it could be recognized without problems.To identify the disease among women is recommended once a year not to miss a visit to a gynecologist and regular performance of Pap tests for obnaruzhieniya dysplasia and cervical cancer, as long as they are in the early stages.
Treatment of cervical dysplasia
To date there is no cure, by which it would be possible to get rid of HPV, respectively, and from the cervical dysplasia.Recommended use of antivirals during periods of acute dysplasia.In case of detection of dysplasia in the late stage of the affected area of the cervix is removed via electroconization.
high efficiency treatment of cervical dysplasia to be expected if the disease has been found in the mild and moderate degrees.In the treatment using modern anti-viral agents.
In the case of the treatment of severe cervical dysplasia need to mix it with surgery when the atypical epithelium is removed using electrocautery, laser or radio wave therapy, mechanical removal of cervical area of the shirt.
course of the disease in most cases of cervical dysplasia is characterized by asymptomatic for a long time.Dysplasia begins to manifest itself when it joined inflammation of the vagina and cervix.Then for the clinical picture is characterized by the appearance of the vaginal secretions have an unusual color and texture, the appearance of burning and itching, contact bleeding, developing into cervical trauma through the use of tampons or sexual intercourse.Very rarely there may be pain and discomfort in the pelvic area.
Depending on what the extent of damage to the epithelium, stands 3 severity of dysplasia:
- weakly expressed dysplasia - changes affect the lower third of the epithelium;
- moderately severe dysplasia - changes affect more than 1/3 but less than 2/3 of the epithelium;
- severe dysplasia - changes affect all layers of the epithelium, but they do not affect the basal membrane.
diagnosis of cervical dysplasia
the diagnosis of cervical dysplasia there is no difficulty.The survey includes tools, clinical and laboratory procedures, under which:
- inspection carried neck in the mirror;
- performed colposcopy;
- held cytology;
- performed PTSPR;
- performed histological examination.