Healthy foods

The composition and useful properties of saffron

Saffron is a delightful, but still expensive spice, is more than the usual aromatic seasoning is added to various dishes.Specialists on healthy eating saffron described as a possible remedy for a large number of diseases, including inflammation of the gums, fatigue, heart disease.Another useful feature of saffron is that it promotes clarity of mind and has a slight tonic effect.In ancient cultures, saffron is used to reduce pain in the abdomen, to get rid of kidney stones and improve circulation.Consider the structure and useful properties of saffron.

composition saffron

The freshly harvested saffron contains carotenoid glycosides Nature (protokrotsin), which when dried forms a more simple glycosides: pikrokrotsin and crocin.Pikrokrotsin a bitter substance, glycoside, which cleaves safronal aldehyde, which is the main component of the essential oil content in saffron is 0.4-1.3%.Also in the essential oils include pinene and cineole.Crocin a carrier specific yellow colorant spices.

addition, the composition includes saffron stigma containing carotenoids, vitamins B1, B2, flavonoids, fatty oil, sugar, nitrogenous substances, water, calcium and potassium.

Useful properties of saffron

real salvation for chapped and dry skin can be a paste, made from saffron, mixed with water.Traditional medicine often uses saffron in combination with other herbs as a remedy for insomnia, gas, coughing, balding and indigestion.

active ingredients of saffron have many therapeutic properties that are similar to many traditional medicines.For example, antispasmodic, carminative and sudorific.

shafranal essential oil is an antioxidant, which is characterized by the possession of cytotoxic to cancer cells, as well as antidepressant and anticonvulsant useful properties.The saffron also contains essential oils of borneol, cineol, pinene, limonene, geraniol, p-cymene, terpinene, linalool and many others.Saffron contains a lot of non-volatile active ingredients as the most important of which acts as α-crocin, which is an antidepressant, antioxidant endowed with anti-cancer properties.Among other carotenoids that comprise spices should note antioxidants zeaxanthin, lycopene, α and β-carotenes.

Saffron known as a good source of minerals such as copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, selenium, zinc, and magnesium.Copper and manganese are necessary to the synthesis of antioxidant enzymes.Potassium controls the operation of the heart muscle and blood pressure, and the iron necessary for erythrocytes reproduced.Saffron is rich in many essential vitamins, including vitamin A, folic acid, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin C, which requires regular intake to health has been optimal.

Useful properties of saffron are also in the fact that they have a positive impact on the vision of people who suffer from retinitis pigmentosa or macular degeneration associated with the natural aging process.Saffron has an impact as a strong antioxidant, it affected the genes that control the levels of fatty acids in cell membranes.When used saffron visual cells become stronger, and they have an opportunity normal functioning.

a valuable spice saffron can be solved following health problems:

  • asthma
  • digestive problems;
  • menstrual pain;
  • insomnia;
  • depression;
  • inflammation;
  • cold.

When using saffron as a food supplement is recommended to avoid adding it in large quantities, as this product will be given the drug, a bitter taste.If you want to take saffron as a medicine, you should make sure that you have not exceeded the recommended dosage.