Worms are a large group of members of the lower worms, which are able to dwell in the human body.They are caused by parasitic disease known as helminths.Worms are divided into three classes: tapeworms, roundworms and flukes.Depending on what was the route of transmission, helminthiasis are divided into three groups: biogelmintozy (which is transmitted to humans through contact with the animals) geohelminthiasis (when part of helminth performed in soil) and contagious (which is transmitted from an infected person).The disease manifests itself in different ways depending on how the worms entered into the body, the degree of adaptation to the body, number of worms in the body.Consider what are worms: symptoms and treatment.
Symptoms of worms
Worms in humans tend to develop in 2 stages:
- acute lasts from 2-3 weeks to 2 months,
- chronic can last from several months to several years.
development of the acute phase coincides with the time when the parasite penetrated the body, and developed it.The
variety of symptoms of chronic stage, which differ depending on where the worms are, what is their number and what their way of life.When worms embedded in metabolism, consume substances that are necessary for him, violations occur, which are signs of disorders of digestion, absorption of vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates, fats.Waste products helminths lead not only to the fact that the normal intestinal flora is suppressed, and the decrease of immunity that promotes chronic bacterial infection than in turn, reduces the effectiveness of preventive vaccinations.
first signs of worms
manifestation of the first signs of helminthiasis may be from 2-3 days (ascariasis) to 1.5 years (filariasis).In most cases, the period lasts 2-3 weeks.In the early days of the disease begin to appear on the skin rashes, swollen lymph nodes, liver and spleen, there is pain in the joints and muscles.Some helminthes characterized by the appearance of specific symptoms, such as jaundice opisthorchiasis (liver fluke) or fever, muscle pain, swelling of the face and eyelids at trichinosis.
chronic stage helminthiasis
In chronic phase the presence of single copies of worms can occur almost asymptomatic.An exception may be the presence of large specimens, for example, ascarids, broad tapeworm.At a mass infection symptoms of worms consist of digestive disorders (nausea, bloating, abdominal pain, loose stool) and some specific features.For example, in the case of enterobiasis this particular feature is the emergence of itching in the anus, which tend to intensify in the evening and night.If this feature is trichuriasis hemorrhagic colitis.In the case of hookworm - iron deficiency anemia.In the case of ascariasis may cause mechanical intestinal obstruction, biliary tract.In the case of helminthiasis with liver disease is the development of chronic hepatitis, inflamed bile duct (cholangitis, cholecystitis).Helminth infections may be accompanied by symptoms of vegetative-vascular fatigue as neurotic states.
Treatment of helminth
The basis of treatment is the use of specific helminth anthelmintic means.For the treatment of ascariasis and enterobiasis used mebendazole, karbendatsim, pyrantel, albendazole.In the case of diseases that are caused by tapeworms, praziquantel is used.Often the treatment of helminth drug is taken once, but often the treatment prescribed by the scheme in which there is a second medication a few days later.Not yet developed an effective and specific treatment alveococcosis echinococcosis, in these cases treatments are selected individually according to the violations that have been caused by a parasite.
the treatment of certain helminthiases (eg enterobiasis) is recommended to treat all family members.In the period of treatment is a prerequisite for strict personal hygiene, so you can rule out the possibility of re-infection.
As auxiliary agents used vehicles having antiallergic action (diazolin, suprastin) that contribute to the fact that the recovered intestinal microflora (Linex, bifidumbakterin, baktisubtil).