Ascaris - a large round worms, the length of which can reach 40 cm. The most commonly affected organs of the gastrointestinal tract, is caused by ascariasis.Adults live in the small intestine.Roundworm may be caused by damage to the walls of the small intestine ruptured peritonitis, intestinal obstruction, hemoptysis, focal pneumonia, bronchitis, diseases of the pancreas and liver.
Ascaris freely move through the gastrointestinal tract, in this regard, they may crawl into the organs of the respiratory system, causing suffocation.The worms can penetrate into the lacrimal-nasal canal, frontal sinuses, urinary organs, the Eustachian tube, perirenal fat, the external auditory canal, middle ear, and the appendix. Infection can occur through dirty fruits or vegetables.
roundworm caused severe allergic reaction, which manifests itself in the form of skin rashes and asthma.If parasites reside in the intestine, it can cause the wall of the inflamed bowel dysbacteriosis and develop.
roundworm is toxic to the
development of Ascaris is shown slight malaise in early disease.It may appear dry cough, or cough, accompanied by a slight mucous expectoration, sometimes marked muco-purulent sputum.In sputum may be orange color, it may have a slight admixture of blood.As a rule, the body temperature normal and low-grade, in rare cases, it may rise to 38 ° C. Sometimes it can appear dry and mokrovatye wheezing, some patients notice a shortening of percussion sound.Some cases may be accompanied by dry or exudative pleurisy.Physical methods sometimes identified changes in the lungs.For this step are the distinctive changes in the skin surface, appear urticaria and repeating views of small bubbles on the feet and hands, in which the transparent content.
symptoms of ascariasis:
- allergic rashes on the skin;
- pain in the right upper quadrant, enlargement of the liver;
- a bad dream;
- pockets blackout on X-rays of the lungs;
- high content of eosinophils in the blood;
- abdominal pain;
- weight loss and appetite loss;
- diarrhea or constipation.
treatment of Ascaris
For the treatment of Ascaris hospitalization is not mandatory.The treatment is performed in a hospital, if you have severe liver disease, digestive tract, kidneys, nervous system, etc., as if any therapeutic drug selection may be limited, they can help to ensure that any adverse reactions and complications during treatment.If you experience side effects (nausea, vomiting, rash, dizziness) during outpatient treatment, it should be stopped or when there is need to continue to be treated in hospital.
When the migration phase of ascariasis causal therapy is protivonematodoznymi drugs having a wide range of activities - or thiabendazole Vermoxum.In the case of intestinal phase choice of drugs is large.If the worms moved during treatment or immediately after the course was over deworming, it is not an indication that the course has been effective sinceWe could die, not all worms.After 2-3 weeks you need to conduct helminthological studies (3-4).If these terms are no eggs in the faeces, it is an indication that the treatment was effective.
The migration phase, and in some cases, and intestinal, it may be necessary short-term appointment of antihistamines.If dead roundworm undergo digestion, and is not deleted from the gut during treatment, it may worsen allergic and toxic reactions.So it makes sense purgation (the appointment of saline laxative, enema).Antibiotics are not needed.