The lymphatic system is part of the circulatory system, and as a biological filter helps in the formation of the body immunity and protection from microbes.This protection is provided by the movement of lymph through the lymph vessels.
Lymph is a clear fluid that returns to the blood salts, proteins and toxins.The size of the lymph nodes in the normal state of a small pea, they are mobile, because the skin is not connected.The lymph node lymphocytes are produced which destroy harmful substances and foreign bodies.Nodes are synthesized leukocyte stimulating factor throughout the body immune cell reproduction.And if the site is inflamed or enlarged, the reasons lie in their guarded system.
Submandibular lymphadenitis - the most common form of all types of inflammation of the lymph nodes.
Causes inflammation submandibular lymph nodes
Submandibular lymphadenitis develops in decayed teeth as a result of various inflammatory processes of the oral cavity, chronic periodontitis, tonsillitis and other disea
Symptoms submandibular lymphadenitis
The first sign of the disease - is the appearance of a painful jaw tight knots.Somewhat later, this joining fever, redness of the skin over the inflamed areas, pain radiating into the ears, disturbed sleep.
Submandibular adenopathy usually develops slowly, its main features are shown in turn.
clinical picture of submandibular lymphadenitis
At the beginning of the inflammatory process poorly palpable lymph nodes, and if they click, the patient will feel a slight pain.At this stage, the lymph nodes are mobile enough, but acquire sharp outlines.In the future, their size increases, which causes pain when lowering and lifting the jaw.After three days, a noticeable swelling of the lymph nodes swelling extends across the surface of the submandibular and gradually descends towards the clavicle.
skin becomes inflamed and red seem stretched.The mucosa of the oral cavity also becomes inflamed and red.When you try to open your mouth patient experiencing ever-increasing pain.At this stage, there is an increase in temperature to 38 degrees, loss of appetite, insomnia, constant tiredness and indifference to everything going on.
If at this stage will be properly identified the source of infection, it is still possible to cure lymphadenitis.Often, patients try to treat themselves, which, of course, does not bring the desired result.Therefore professional help are turning too late when more obvious signs of lymphadenitis, when the temperature rises to 40 degrees, the nature of shooting pain, and skin color with the rolling of blood red to burgundy.Change the color of the skin is a sign of the appearance of pus in the lymph nodes, is gradually coming to the skin, which is very dangerous.
Treatment submandibular lymphadenitis
Effective treatment submandibular lymphadenitis, you must first remove the infections caused by the disease.To do this, rinse the mouth with a special solution "liquid Burov" and apply cold lotions from this solution.When purulent inflammation is necessary to use antibiotics, warming infrared radiation (SoLux) and attachment of warm lotions.
If purulent inflammation occurred in a lymph node, for its cure, you may need surgery.During surgery, the skin over the inflamed areas of the cut, with incision of the capsule of a lymph node, which is inserted into the drainage catheter, through which removed the accumulated pus.However, most often inflamed several lymph nodes, and in this case requires a serious operation.