Spinal Stroke - an acute circulatory disorders of the spinal cord, which leads to neuronal cell death and the destruction of gray and white matter of the spinal cord.
Spinal stroke is a hemorrhagic (bleeding as a result), ischemic and match.It arises from rupture or blockage of vascular compression of the spinal cord.This can occur in several ways.
causes of spinal stroke
Ischemic stroke usually develops because of a hernia, tumors, blood clots, atherosclerosis of aorta and spinal cord.Hemorrhagic stroke usually cause: spinal injury, tumors, blood disorders with bleeding disorders and excessive tortuosity of blood vessels.The combined stroke, these forms are combined.
Symptoms of spinal stroke
first sign of spinal stroke is sudden pain in the back and strained back muscles.But this is often not the stroke, and the exacerbation of osteochondrosis and intervertebral hernia occurrence.After some time, they begin to weaken legs and reduce their sensitivity.Then there is pain in the legs and when stan
At the same time there are problems with urination and defecation.There is a delay of urine and feces, false urge incontinence, or urination.After a while, there comes a paresis or paralysis of the legs, developing fecal incontinence and urine.
stages of spinal stroke
There are four stages of spinal stroke: precursors (back pain, developing lameness, disorders of the pelvic organs), the development of stroke, stroke and reverse the development of the remaining (residual) effects.
stages of spinal stroke length is individual and different.At some stage of the precursors takes place rapidly, almost a few hours, while others may take two years.But it is usually several days duration.
diagnosis of spinal stroke
to diagnose spinal stroke necessary to MRIs.But to differentiate this disease should be done electroneuromyography and CBC.This disease is differentiated tumors and spinal myelitis.
First aid for spinal stroke
At the slightest suspicion of a spinal stroke patient should be put on his back and urgently call "ambulance."The patient must be transported on a board in a supine position.
Treatment of spinal stroke
Treatment of the disease depends on its shape.But above all, the patient should be hospitalized in the Department of Neurology, where he will be provided with bed rest and appropriate treatment.Firstly, the patient is administered drugs that normalize blood pressure and improve circulation.Further treatment of spinal stroke carried out taking into account the reasons for its occurrence.
consequences of spinal stroke
patients discharged from hospitals, rehabilitation need to be carried out under the supervision of a physician.Types and remediation scheme depends on the residual effects and causes of disease.
People after spinal stroke is assigned a disability.Some of them are able to work and pick a job based on their condition.But the majority of people are not able to not only work, but also to serve themselves without assistance, they need special care.
Prevention of spinal stroke
Prevention of disease is to eliminate the causes that lead to its occurrence: spinal injuries, degenerative disc disease of the intervertebral discs, blood clots, atherosclerosis.
should eat right, be excluded from the diet is too salty and fatty foods, give up bad habits and play sports, but gently to avoid back injuries.You must undergo an annual medical examination, to monitor blood pressure, if necessary by a doctor to take antihypertensive medications on their assigned scheme.