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Symptoms of conjunctivitis , treatment and prevention

Under conjunctivitis refers to inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes, resulting from exposure to bacteria, viruses or fungi.Conjunctivitis may develop due to bacteria such as chlamydia and viruses that cause a sore throat, measles, acute respiratory infections.To establish a diagnosis must be aware of the symptoms of conjunctivitis.It is important to timely treatment of the disease, and prevention of conjunctivitis to avoid negative consequences.

symptoms of acute conjunctivitis

sudden onset of acute conjunctivitis, or stinging pain appears first in one eye, and after some time on the other.The symptoms of acute conjunctivitis are expressed redness, appearance of petechial hemorrhages, mucous, mucopurulent or purulent discharge.Acute conjunctivitis may be accompanied by malaise, fever and headache.The acute form can last from 5-6 days to 2-3 weeks.

Symptoms of chronic conjunctivitis

Chronic conjunctivitis is the most difficult and dangerous form of the disease.Its duration is very addic

tive.Adults exposed to the disease.Often the occurrence of chronic conjunctivitis associated with long regular exposure to dust, smoke, chemicals in the air.The development of the disease on the basis of possible vitamin deficiency, weakened immune system, a constant runny nose, irregularities in the tear ducts.

Symptoms of chronic conjunctivitis are redness of the eyes, the appearance of the mucus and tears in large quantities.In addition, the disease can have symptoms similar to the flu or acute respiratory disease, you may be sore throat, pain when swallowing, a fever.In some cases, lymph nodes may increase.

for conjunctivitis characterized by:

  • redness century;
  • photophobia;
  • copious clear liquid;
  • appearance of the feeling that the sand in eyes;
  • possible closure of inflammation of the eyelids - blepharospasm.

If a form of conjunctivitis is not complicated, it can go on their own if they meet the man of bed rest.If conjunctivitis is contagious nature, the eyes appear muco-purulent discharge, may cause ulcers on the cornea, purulent infiltrations.

treatment of conjunctivitis

Before starting the treatment of conjunctivitis, it is necessary to identify its species.As a rule, the treatment takes a long time, but is accompanied by certain troubles.The main component in the treatment of conjunctivitis is eyewash and laying the ointment.For the treatment of viral conjunctivitis is provided the use of antivirals, especially if it is accompanied by a runny nose, sore throat, otitis media and nasal congestion.In this case, it is desirable to use eye drops and nose, based interferon.

If bacterial conjunctivitis has the character, then its treatment requires the use of antibiotics, which are based on tetracycline.To combat allergic conjunctivitis used antihistamines - eye drops, tablets and syrups.During the course of viral conjunctivitis is recommended bed rest to avoid unnecessary burden on the eyes as a drop in temperature and light.

treatment of conjunctivitis should be comprehensive, and it should be combined antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals (depending on the type of disease), as well as the use of immunotherapy, anti-allergic drugs.If the case is particularly hard, it is possible that will require treatment, aimed at to eliminate visual defects, caused or aggravated due to conjunctivitis, which include nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism.

Prevention conjunctivitis

Because conjunctivitis is a contagious disease, it is recommended for the prevention of its personal hygiene.You can not use someone else's supplies you need to avoid contact with the sick, ensure that your hands are clean.

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