Inguinal hernia is one of the most common types of hernias, which are formed in the abdominal wall.Typically, the disease develops in men and is associated with the feature of the structure of the male inguinal canal.Getting rid of an inguinal hernia can only surgically.If you ignore the disease, you may experience complications that require immediate operational.Consider how the surgery is performed to remove an inguinal hernia, which provides preparation for the treatment and recovery as the proceeds.
Modern surgery inguinal hernia
To remove an inguinal hernia There are several types of modern operations.
- In conducting plastics own tissues closing the hernial ring is made by using the patient's own tissues (muscle, fascia and aponeuroses).After conducting such operations varying the frequency of relapses in the range from 2 to 15 percent, depending on the method and the correct choice hernia repair, tissue condition of the patient.The main disadvantages are the preservation of expressed pain for
- To date operations, allowing the removal of inguinal hernia repair, laparoscopic techniques include plastics.The most common defect closure of the abdominal wall from the inside of the abdominal cavity, it uses synthetic mesh prosthesis.Following this method, plastics recurrence rate is 2-5%, depending on the type and the degree of the hernia surgery.The advantages of this method of treatment are small trauma, therefore, the appearance after the operation slight pain, quick rehabilitation.The disadvantages of laparoscopic method is the need for the introduction of gas into the abdominal cavity to create operating space, the need for general anesthesia, the high cost of equipment and technical complexity.
- becoming increasingly popular way to use plastic "tension-free" patient's own tissues.In carrying out this operation, the relapse rate is not more than 1%.Postoperative pain syndrome is minimal since there is no tension own tissues.It allows for the possibility of intense physical labor a month after the operation, there are no restrictions on household physical activity, so that the operation can be performed in outpatient conditions.Operations can be performed under spinal or local anesthesia.
Preparation before surgery
in preparation prior to surgery to remove a hernia include the passage of the full survey.Appointment of operation is only possible after a somatic status will be evaluated patient-physician anesthesiologist, thereby minimizing the occurrence of complications.The choice of anesthesia depends on what the size of the hernia, if the early stage of the disease, the surgery is performed under local anesthesia, otherwise requires general anesthesia.At preoperative examination investigates the clinical part of the blood and urine, shall blood chemistry analysis for infection, coagulation.In addition, it is necessary electrocardiogram and chest X-ray.
Complications after treatment of inguinal hernia
After treatment of inguinal hernia recurrence is possible, but if the operation mode has been selected correctly, the surgeon has the proper qualifications, its probability is very low.
most unpleasant complication of the treatment of inguinal hernia is a surgical wound fester, thereby lengthening the period of rehabilitation, increases the likelihood of recurrence of hernia, you need to visit a doctor for dressings.
recovery period after undergoing surgery to remove a hernia takes a little time, and is directly dependent on the type of anesthesia used during surgery.If the operation is performed under general anesthesia, the patient may be heading home the next day, when the operation under local anesthesia the patient must spend in the hospital a few hours.Ambulatory period takes 7-10 days, during which the patient must visit the surgeon for dressings and consultation, during which the adjusted if appropriate destination.