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Complications of diabetes type 1 and 2

In case of neglect of diabetes may experience undesirable effects and complications as a result of high blood sugar occur, and rapid progress to be specific and not specific to diabetes complications.The specificity of complications are problems with your eyes, feet, kidneys.Nespetsifichnymm - complications of the cardiovascular system.Show all these complications of diabetes type 1 and 2 may be after 10-15 years after onset.

Ocular - complications of diabetes

complications of diabetes can be a eye disease.First of all, the effects of the retina is exposed.In this case, the smallest vessels of the fundus is a violation of circulation.The first time a complication does not manifest itself, which means that the disease diabetes need to pass inspection by an ophthalmologist at least once a year.In particular, it is necessary fundus examination.In the event of changes in the peripheral part of the fundus to the patient may not be noticeable decrease in visual acuity, if there is no retinal detachment.If
the damage of the central zone of the fundus complication manifested faster and the patient notices a rapid decline in visual acuity.
of the eye under the influence of high sugar levels become brittle, fragile, marked increase in the number of hemorrhages.The greater the number of hemorrhages, the stronger grows connective tissue and form new defective vessels can give massive haemorrhage.And this, in turn, leads to the fact that increases the likelihood of retinal detachment and the risk of death of the visual cells.
If the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy are noticed in time, it is possible to assign the appropriate treatment, which involves a long process of normalization of the blood sugar level.If necessary, it can be assigned to conduct lazerfotokoagulyatsii when a laser beam to cauterize the changed areas on the retina, thereby preventing further progression of the process.

Renal disease - complications of diabetes

The kidneys act as a filter having a plurality of small vessels in which the body through the urine output unwanted substances.In the case of long-term diabetes filter displayed protein in the urine, with no outward signs do not appear.In the tie with this diagnosis in the presence of diabetes is recommended at least once a year renting out a urine test for protein.Further development of complications of diabetes such as the kidney disease can lead to what is elevated blood pressure.In the treatment of kidney damage as a complication of diabetes compensation wire diabetes.In the case of high blood pressure, doctors try to keep the figures as close as possible to normal.
nephropathy When you are at a certain stage of development may be imposed observance of a special diet, which involves restriction of dietary protein.The diet appointed the doctor.

leg defeat - complications of diabetes

one of the late complications of diabetes is the loss of legs, in most cases it refers to the feet.Simultaneously, the affected vessels and nerves of lower limbs.By the manifestations of these changes include a decrease of temperature and leg pain sensitivity, therefore, be more easily trauma, gangrene, ulcers feet.With the reduction of the sensitivity often attrition, minor injuries go unnoticed by the patient, so that there can get the bacteria and start to multiply.The result is inflammation, in the absence of treatment - ulcerative defect healing very poorly against the background of high sugar, and if it is not carried out the necessary treatment, may develop gangrene of the lower limbs.
to manifestations of lesions of the lower extremities include:
- the appearance of pain of different nature;
- a sense of burning;
- the appearance of tingling;
- stop the occurrence of numbness;
- the appearance of feeling like the skin shivers run.
Depending on the nerves or blood vessels struck a greater extent are the following complications of diabetes:
  • ischemic foot with a primary lesion of the vessels.This complication is characterized by the fact that the skin on the shins and feet become cold, pale or mottled coloring hair on the lower leg is missing, ripple on the feet is reduced, on the edge of the foot, in the heel area, at their fingertips can appear painful sores.Patients walking causes pain in the transition of the disease in the later stages the pain can be felt at rest.There fainting pain when the patient puts his feet over the edge of the bed;
  • neuropathic foot with a primary lesion of the nerves.Most stop to touch a hot or warm, there is a decrease of all kinds of sensitivity (pain, temperature, tactile, vibration).On foot in the areas of high pressure appears actinic skin and painful sores.Pain in the legs described as burning or stabbing, often appear at night and when you are in a state of rest;
  • osteoarthropathia or Charcot foot with the development of changes in the bone structure of the foot.As a result of these changes may cause spontaneous fractures, severe deformation, and further development on the foot ulcers.
  • When these complications of diabetes need to seek medical help and pass examinations to determine the nature and degree of damage, and then can be assigned to treatment with drugs aimed at improving the state of the nerves and blood vessels.

defeat of the cardiovascular system - complications of diabetes

is often a complication of diabetes is the defeat of the cardiovascular system, namely the emergence of coronary heart disease, hypertension and other complications that can lead to stroke, heart attack.Diabetes patients, especially the elderly, should be carefully monitored for blood pressure, as well as indications of fat metabolism.In the case of normal pressure it is sufficient to measure when visiting the doctor.If the numbers hold persistently elevated, you need regular self-measurement of pressure with the tonometer.It is useful to limit the amount of salt added to food per day is recommended to consume no more than 1 teaspoonsalt.If blood pressure is not normal, it is necessary appointment special preparations which are provided for receiving life, regardless of the level of blood pressure.