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Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT )

Recently digestive diseases occupy a leading position among other diseases.The most common diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) are goiter, chronic colitis, chronic gastritis, duodenal ulcer and gastric ulcer.If time does not seek help from a doctor, then due to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract can occur irreversible consequences.

Causes gastrointestinal diseases

gastrointestinal disease occur for different reasons.They can provoke:

  • various infectious diseases,
  • nervous system disorder (not advisable to eat food immediately after stress or nervous excitement),
  • eating foods that are full of pesticides (nitrites, nitrates, etc..),
  • smoking,
  • alcohol,
  • hard physical labor (heavy lifting).

And overeating (including unusual food), irregular meals, stale, monotonous food, too cold or too hot food, a side effect of medications, diseases of the throat, teeth, internal organs, poor circulation and function of the gastrointestinal tract.

Symptoms of gastrointestinal diseases

In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract of a patient having cramping, aching, recurrent or persistent pain in the stomach and abdomen.Also, there are nausea, vomiting, weakness, loss of appetite, heartburn, constipation, diarrhea, bloating and other.

On the state of the digestive tract in the first place can be judged on such criteria: bad breath, nausea, lack of burping.Difficulty breathing and drowsiness also indicate that the stomach is not working.

about diseases of the stomach indicates excessive salivation and red small nodules on the chin, temples and forehead, an inflammation of the biliary tract and intestine - a greenish-yellow and grayish-yellow hue eyelids and the skin, on the disorder of the gastrointestinal tract - a red nose.

Small hanging mole on the neck (papilloma) "prompt" that in the intestine, the stomach or esophagus are polyps.Nerve disorders are often accompanied by diarrhea, constipation, and indigestion, the presence of which can be seen in blurry, indistinct contours of the lips, surrounded by acne and spots.

analyzing all revealed signs of the disease, you can understand the condition of the patient.These are minor and pronounced in severe condition.In this case, the treatment requires a special approach.

Acute inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are the most different nosology, from violations in the work of the digestive system to serious organic changes.

most extensive group of diseases - an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the intestine, stomach, esophagus, which can be caused by a variety of reasons.

Inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract can be acute or chronic.Acute poisonings occur when, at the reception is very cold and very hot food and drinks, if damaged by a foreign body.Call acute inflammatory diseases can also be infectious diseases (viral hepatitis, pseudomembranous esophagitis with the flu, and others.), Allergic reactions, as well as some acute pathological conditions, such as acute myocardial infarction esophagitis.

Chronic inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

chronic inflammatory diseases such as colitis, gastritis, usually appear in drug abuse and alcohol abuse treatment and long-term nutrition, endocrine diseases and disorders of the nervous regulation.

very rare chronic inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract occur in isolation, often inflammation spreads throughout the digestive tract.

gastrointestinal symptoms (belching, pain and discomfort in the abdomen, upset his chair, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite) is often non-specific, so the diagnosis, guided by full-time inspection and complaints of the patient, rather difficult.

For proper diagnosis of the disease is necessary laboratory and instrumental methods of examination.In addition to ultrasound, x-ray, MRI, CT, colonoscopy, pH meters, can also be esophagogastroduodenoscopy with biopsy.

Complex examination is necessary not only for diagnosis, but also in evaluating the results of the treatment.

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