By soldering is meant fusion in the abdomen, which is due to the fact that the human body is allocated a special substance called fibrinogen.The substance taken part in any damaged area or in a place where the surgical incision was made.Fibrinogen helps to ensure that the wound scar.Adhesive process in most cases occurs in the rectum and seals.The appearance of postoperative adhesions in the abdominal cavity occurs predominantly after the Caesarean section.
Causes of adhesions after surgery
Development adhesive disease often occurs after inflammation and removal of the appendix.The occurrence of adhesions as possible after surgery, when there was a bowel obstruction, conducted gynecological and urological surgery.The reasons for occurrence of adhesions after surgery include, primarily, the presence of peritonitis, but it is possible after their appearance and its mechanical damage, exposure to chemicals.When abdominal trauma important long intestinal paresis, when the seam loops favorable conditions
adhesions helps emergence of surgeries related to the presence of diseases of the pelvic organs.
Symptoms of adhesions after surgery
adhesive disease may begin suddenly or gradually increasing twinge, enhanced intestinal peristalsis, accompanied by a rise in temperature and vomiting.Symptoms of bowel obstruction appear quickly, there is a sharp deterioration in the general condition, when due to repeated vomiting, dehydration occurs, there is a weakness, sharply reduced blood pressure.
Sometimes pain attacks appear periodically have different intensities, sometimes a patient may bother diarrhea, constipation and vomiting.
disease can have and duration, the symptoms of adhesions after surgery in this case is the appearance of aching abdominal pain, discomfort, constipation, occurrence of disorders in the general state of health, the emergence of recurrent attacks of acute intestinal obstruction.
for adhesive disease is characterized by the allocation of an acute, intermittent and chronic forms of the disease.The most severe symptoms have an acute form when the abdomen or abdominal pain appears strong.In addition, there is the appearance of abnormality of the heart, you may experience nausea and vomiting, decreased blood pressure.
When intermittent and chronic forms of adhesive disease pain can be periodic or absent.The patient may not even be aware that he had formed adhesions after surgery.
Treatment Methods of treatment of adhesions depends on how they are manifested.However, the treatment of adhesions leading should be conservative therapy, surgical intervention and should only be the case where the patient's life threatening disease.The most common heat treatments, which include the use ozokeritovyh and paraffin baths, mud cakes made of mud, electrophoresis with medicinal substances (resolving, analgesic), fermentoterapii, laser or magnetic therapy.The mobility of a good back massages and mud baths.
In the case of an acute attack, which can not be eliminated by conservative measures in 1-2 hours necessary to carry out surgical treatment (removal of obstacles in order to be able to move the stool).To eliminate adhesions, usually held laparoscopic surgery when cords are cut with a laser, electrocautery or by water pressure.For the prevention of postoperative appointed, aimed at avoiding the re-formation of adhesions.
If multiple attacks, it is necessary to carry out the surgical treatment to prevent acute attacks.
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