Today Lyme disease is regarded as a contagious, prirodnoochagovyh, polysystemic disease with complex pathogenesis, including a range of immune-mediated reactions.Clinical manifestations characteristic of Lyme disease are described as independent diseases or syndromes with unknown etiology: erythema Aftseliusa, chronic erythema migrans, tick annular erythema, limfodenoz skin, chronic atrophic acrodermatitis, acrodermatitis, aseptic meningitis, chronic arthritis, and others. Consider symptomsLyme disease.
Lyme disease has an incubation period, which can range from 1 to 20 days.Most often, it ranges from 7 to 10 days.Up to 30% of patients with a history denied or do not remember the bite carrier.For the disease characterized by subacute onset, when in place sucking mite appears soreness, itching, swelling and redness.Patients complained of the emergence of a moderate headache, general weakness, feeling of malaise, nausea, feeling of constriction and sensory disturbances in the area whe
symptoms of stage 1 Lyme disease
Lyme disease is the early and late periods in its flow.For the earliest period and allocated erythemal bezeritemnaya form of the disease that has a value in the diagnosis.In addition, the clinical picture is characterized by the possession of its own characteristics, depending on whether there is a tick bite site erythema.Stage of dissemination of the pathogen is characterized by polymorphism of clinical manifestations.At this stage, identification of possible predominant group of symptoms that define a variant of the clinical course, which, in turn, can be frenetic, neuritic, meningeal, cardiac, mixed.
main clinical marker of the disease is the appearance after 3-22 days of erythema migrans, which looks like a red macula or papule appearing at the site of the tick bite.There expanding the zone of redness around the bite, its demarcation from the unaffected skin rimmed bright red color;in the center of the defeat of change expressed less intense.Erythema size may range from a few to tens of centimeters.The location of the initial lesion may be observed occurrence of intense erythema, vesicles and necrosis (primary affect).There may be other skin symptoms: hives, facial rash, conjunctivitis, transient and small spot ringed rash.Skin symptoms are often accompanied by headache, stiff neck, fever, chills, migrating pain in muscles and bones, arthralgia, severe weakness and fatigue.Rarely there may be a generalized lymphadenopathy, the appearance of a sore throat, dry cough, conjunctivitis, swelling of the testicles.
Symptoms of stage 2 Lyme disease
Stage 2 Lyme disease associated with Borrelia dissemination to the various organs of the primary tumor.If the disease has bezeritemnye form, it often manifests with symptoms that are characteristic of this stage of the disease, and the disease is more severe than in the presence of erythema.
manifestation of signs indicating the possible defeat of the meninges, may be an early, when preserved skin erythema, but at this time they are not usually accompanied by a syndrome of inflammatory changes in cerebrospinal fluid.In 15% of patients within a few weeks or months on how the disease began to appear obvious signs pointing to the defeat of the nervous system.During this period, it is advisable to release of serous meningitis syndrome, meningo-encephalitis syndromes, pointing to the defeat of the peripheral nervous system.
Symptoms of stage 2 Lyme disease is the appearance of signs of heart disease.At this stage, it marked the emergence of transient pain in the bones, tendons, bags periarticular muscles.Symptoms present in a few weeks, you may experience relapses.
Symptoms of stage 3 Lyme disease
on 3 stages of Lyme disease may cause symptoms later.Symptoms of stage 3 Lyme disease include the appearance of recurrent oligoarthritis of large joints, but it may cause, and small joints.Often, protein and glucose increased.Over time, the joint will appear osteoporosis, thinning and lost cartilage, cortical and edge Uzury can sometimes present degenerative changes: osteophytosis, subarticular sclerosis.
patients note headache, fatigue, hearing impairment.For children is characterized by slowing growth and sexual development.On stage 3 common skin lesions appear dermatitis, atrophic and sklerodermopodobnymi akrodermatitom changes.
Especially for luxmama.ru Irina Vasilyeva