the diagnosis of cancer of the spinal cord symptoms largely depends on the location of the cancer.Depending on the localization of the tumor has its corresponding effect, compressing certain parts of the spinal cord.
In modern medicine, such tumors can be divided into extradural, which are considered more malignant and aggressive in nature, intradural-extramedullary and intramedullary.The first type are rare tumors include primary tumors of the spine, as well as angiolipoma, chloroma and metastatic tumors.In this type of tumor accounts for about 55% of all cancers of the spinal cord, they are distinguished by rapid growth.40% of cancers are intradural extramedullary, which are located under the hard shell of the spinal cord and taking the form meningiomas or neurofibromas.The remaining 5% of the tumors are intramedullary and localized in the spinal cord substance.The vast majority of these tumors are derived from glial tissue and divided into astrocytomas and ependymomas.
to detect tumors of the spina
Among the main symptoms should be noted pelvic disorder, motor and sensory functions of the spinal cord, as well as the presence of pain, which significantly enhanced by changing the position of the spine.Interestingly, such pain is substantially change their localization and allow pre-cancerous lesions suggests direction and its level.
symptoms of the cervical tumor
As if struck by cervical main symptoms are such manifestations of paresis of the diaphragm, like shortness of breath, sneezing, coughing and difficulty hiccup.In addition, this type of tumor is characterized by such symptoms as various violations of atrophic hands, as well as spastic paresis feet.
I must say that the symptoms of the cancer in the cervical region is primarily manifested in the upper and lower limbs of the patient.However, with lesions below the segment SVIII observed only paralysis of legs, and the hands are not involved in this process.
symptoms of thoracic tumor
most common malignant tumors are tumors of the spinal cord of the thoracic characterized by radicular pain.It is interesting that accompany this type of pain often have tumors surrounding the nature and sometimes easily confused with other diseases such as pancreatitis or cholecystitis.
Symptoms of this type of cancer does not affect the upper limbs of patients.
Symptoms tumor lumbosacral
Malignant tumors of the lumbosacral spinal cord tumors conditionally divided into the cone, and epikonusa verhnepoyasnichnyh segments.Symptoms of the tumor cone is expressed in a variety of pelvic disorders, loss of anal reflex sensitivity and deterioration in the anogenital area.
When epikonusa observed tumor pain may appear flaccid paralysis stop, back, hips, legs and the buttocks.In addition there are cases of involuntary defecation and urination.
When tumor verhnepoyasnichnom department patients as there is loss of the patellar reflex and atrophied muscles of the front of the thigh.
symptoms of cranio-spinal tumor localization
Malignant tumors of the cranio-spinal localization may like to grow out of the Boulevard of the brain and the upper region of the spinal cord.Symptoms in this case would be a pain in the neck, as well as cerebellar disorders and various cranial nerves.In addition, for this type of tumors characterized by loss of limbs, paraperez, triparez perekresny and hemiparesis.In some cases, patients may experience muscle atrophy hands, as well as a rise in intracranial pressure.
In addition, this type of tumor can be accompanied by a forced position of the patient's head and vomiting.