Allergic conjunctivitis is an unusual inflammatory reaction of the conjunctiva (mucous membrane of the eye) in the exposure that most people do not cause reactions.The cause of conjunctivitis is genetically incorporated the body's sensitivity to various substances.Allergic conjunctivitis is often combined with dermatitis, bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis.
symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis
Sometimes allergic conjunctivitis start can occur in an acute form.Man feels the unbearable itching eyelids, burning under them, there is photophobia, conjunctival hyperemia and edema.
But most of allergic conjunctivitis is a chronic disease that over the years the ability to deliver a person a lot of inconvenience.In the chronic form of allergic conjunctivitis, periodic itching and burning of the eyelids and a slight discharge.Allergic conjunctivitis
- a widespread disease, which represents the overall prevalence of allergies.It is believed that every fourth to fifth person has some or other allergic rea
Depending allergens that cause conjunctivitis, its symptoms can be seasonal or year character.
seasonal allergic conjunctivitis are often caused by human sensitivity to pollen, grasses, weeds, trees and molds.The reason for year-conjunctivitis are often drugs, contact lenses, perfume and beauty products, household chemicals, animal hair and dander, house dust.Aggravation of chronic allergic conjunctivitis can cause certain foods in which added preservatives or other chemical additives.
diagnosis of allergic conjunctivitis
diagnosis of allergic conjunctivitis in an important place is given Allergic history, allows more than 70% of patients correctly identify allergenic agent.If necessary anamnestic analysis can be supplemented by naturally occurring, and exposure conducted specially or an elimination samples.When an elimination trial alleged allergen is eliminated, while the exposition - with reduction of clinical events held repeated exposure to an allergen.
most available such allergic skin tests, like electrophoretic, application, scarification and skin prick test.These samples are reliable and less traumatic, but have a disadvantage which is that they are not held in the acute stage, and after seven or ten days after the acute allergic reaction.
diagnosis of allergic conjunctivitis in the widely used methods of laboratory allergodiagnostic.Their advantage is the high specificity and the possibility of use in the acute stage of the disease.
Treatment of allergic conjunctivitis
Treatment of allergic conjunctivitis is based on the elimination of allergen immunotherapy and drug symptomatic therapy.
The safest and most effective way to prevent an allergic reaction, and in the therapeutic treatment of established disease is already complete elimination of an allergen.
When poliallergii or in case of unexpressed reactions using non-specific allergen immunotherapy, conducted on the basis of the results of laboratory research, allergic skin tests.
Most often used in ophthalmology injection gistoglobulina - one course is six to ten injections.
If allergens are installed, but can not eliminate them, and the drug is not symptomatic therapy has the desired effect, then be specific hiposensibilic treatment with allergens.
If severe allergic conjunctivitis systematically used antihistamines, which are three to six days, include in the complex therapy.