Diabetic ketoacidosis is not a separate disease, a life-threatening condition that develops due to a lack in the cells of sugar (glucose), which the body converts into energy.In case of lack of sugar the body to get energy, begins to break down muscle and fat.Thus produced fatty acids or ketones, which, acting in the blood to cause metabolic acidosis.This imbalance is called diabetic ketotsiadozom.
If a person suffers from diabetes, then in the event of ketoacidosis, it needs an injection of insulin, without which the body can not convert sugar into energy source.
diabetic ketoacidosis Diabetic ketoacidosis can occur in severe dehydration (dehydration) the body, infections or as a result of a combination of these factors, if you do not enter enough insulin.It can also occur in people who have a body there is a lack of insulin or none at all.Most people suffer from diabetes mellitus type 1, but there is type 2 diabetes where an increased blood sugar level.Diabetic ketoacidosis can occur when
Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis
The high level of blood sugar is evidenced by such symptoms:
- abdominal pain,
- loss of appetite,
- exhaled air has a strong fruity smell,
- accelerated deepbreathing, sleepiness, thirst, blurred vision,
- red, dry and hot skin.
In severe DKA occurs in humans labored breathing, possible swelling of the brain, coma, which may lead to death.
diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis
for the diagnosis of diabetic kotoatsidoza need to pass laboratory tests and tests of urine and blood.Pharmacies can buy test strips for urine that at home it will help determine the presence of ketone bodies.People suffering from diabetes, such strips must be kept on hand in case your blood sugar to rise too high.
treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis
Severe diabetic ketoacidosis is treated in the hospital, often in intensive care.For the treatment used intravenous insulin.Carefully controlled in certain blood chemicals (electrolytes).Normal water balance and blood sugar levels are usually recovered within a few days.
First aid for diabetic ketoacidosis
diabetic ketoacidosis before arrival of "first" patient must administer first aid.The first thing to do is to check its status (consciousness, heartbeat and breathing).
To understand a person breathes or not, you should see whether the chest is moving and whether the movement of air around the mouth and nose.The activity of the heart is determined by the presence of a pulse in the carotid artery.
If no heartbeat and breathing, you must immediately begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Rate, in the minds of people or not, you can just.You should ask him, beat down his cheeks or shake the shoulder.If no response is necessary to strongly rub earlobes.If this does not work, the situation is really serious and a person in danger.
Before the arrival of "first aid" should support the patient's heartbeat and breathing.Doctors intravenous route will begin intensive therapy and deliver the patient to the hospital, where he will be given the necessary medical assistance.