blood cancer is quite common and outdated name for a group of malignant diseases - leukemia.These include diseases such as cancer of the bone marrow, and the lymphatic and hematopoietic systems, resulting not only in adults but also for children.Occurring disease might be acute and chronic, while in the case of the acute form of the patient's death comes just a few months, and sometimes even a few weeks after the onset of illness.
The main risk of blood cancer is that the tumor itself, in fact, does not exist, it is impossible to remove, respectively.Malignant cells spread throughout the body of the patient along with the blood.The consequences of this process include immune suppression that gives rise to a variety of pathologies, infections, as well as a high risk of bleeding and hemorrhage.
group of these diseases include leukemia, or leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma.In addition, each of these forms of blood cancer manifests itself in different ways, as well as flows with different characteristics.Wha
With the development of the disease is primarily exposed to the defeat of the lymph nodes in addition to organs such as the spleen and liver, and, subsequently, have the rest of human organs.
found that the most probable cause of cancer of the blood in humans are carcinogenic influence of ionizing radiation.Further risk factors are also the radiation therapy, which is prescribed in the case of treatment of Hodgkin's disease, as well as a variety of chemical and viral mutagens.
I must say that the emergence of leukemia is often experienced by children from 5 to 7 years, as well as the already elderly.Also it found that smokers by 14-17% are more prone to the emergence of the disease than non-smokers.
In the diagnosis of blood cancer thing to consider is the establishment stage of the disease, which reflects the degree of spread of cancer cells in the body, the presence of metastasis, etc.In this disease can be divided into four characteristic stages.
first stage blood cancer
In the acute form of blood cancer initial stage can manifest itself by symptoms such as severe deterioration of health, changes in the composition of blood, an aggravation of chronic infections.
In the case of the chronic form of blood cancer initial stage often does not manifest symptoms are completely absent, and may detect the disease in the event of accidental passage of blood tests associated with other diseases.In the blood of the patient there is an increased number of granular leukocytes.
the first stage in the study reveal the extent of damage to DNA.In case of detection of the disease at this stage of survival is 100%.
second stage blood cancer
the second stage of the disease is rapid division of cancer cells, which are collected and formed into tumor tissue.Patients with advanced cancer of the blood feel sharp deterioration of health, they may experience enlargement of the liver or spleen, and skin rashes may occur.
survival in cancer detection at this stage is about 75%.
third stage blood cancer
the third stage of the cancer of blood marked the active dissemination of metastases, which are moved along with the lymph and blood throughout the body.Five-year survival is only 30%, the treatment in this case includes chemotherapy.
fourth stage blood cancer
the fourth step, there is a process of recurrence, which is the appearance of cancerous tissues in various organs of the patient.The cure in this case is practically impossible, as new cancers constantly hit new tissues and organs.As treatment patients received bone marrow irradiation and cytostatic therapy.In more rare cases, the patient may hold a bone marrow transplant, but death is usually inevitable.