bronchospasm or bronhospastichesky syndrome often occurs in people suffering from chronic bronchitis, asthma, emphysema.Generally, bronchospasm provoked strenuous exercise, the impact on the respiratory tract of cold air and contact with substances that cause allergies.
symptoms of bronchospasm
main symptoms when bronchospastic syndrome are difficulty breathing and shortness of breath.A person can not cough and as a result, release from the lungs of phlegm.This is associated with impaired patency of the bronchi due to their sharp narrowing.
patients with chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, emphysema should follow the recommendations of the expert.In addition expectorants and antibiotics, the attending physician also appoints bronchodilators, warning and relieving bronchospasm.
choice of drug depends on the cause, calling bronhospastichesky syndrome: lack of activity of biochemical systems or any enzymes in the body, the innate reactivity changes adrenergic receptors of bronchial smooth muscle, in
Currently, there are enough drugs that can prevent the release of biologically active substances, which are produced in allergic reactions and cause bronchospasm.But along with ampoules, suppositories and tablets are widely used aerosol bronchodilators (inhalers pocket).
Value aerosol formulations is that they are administered by inhalation, thus directly released into the bronchi and lungs.These drugs, there is another advantage - for therapeutic or prophylactic effect of a small dose is needed.Moreover, an aerosol of the pocket inhalers supplied uniformly to provide precision dosing.
When an attack of bronchospasm must be removed immediately, or after a spasm of increased mucus production, which will lead to an even greater violation of patency of the bronchi because of their dense viscous mucus clogs.Because of this, a patient who did not take medication in a timely manner, it is very difficult to stop an attack of asthma.In this case, seek medical help.
If any patient has an attack of the inhaler, the bronchospasm can be quickly removed.However, the drug must be taken not only quickly but also correctly.Before the start of inhalation bottle should be shaken, and then two or three centimeters bring to the mouth of the spray, make a full breath and clicking on the exhaust valve, through the mouth vigorously inhale aerosol.After inhalation of the drug must be as long as possible to restrain breath.During this time, the smallest aerosol particles settle to the bronchial mucosa and showed bronchodilator effect and through twenty or thirty seconds will be easier to breathe.A minute or two later, repeat the procedure.The dose of medication administered for two breaths, provides the maximum duration (six - eight o'clock) and the strength bronchodilation effect.
more than twice the aerosol inhaled drug should not be, because the effect of the medicines above will not, but may cause side effects: hand tremors, dry mouth, arrhythmia, palpitations.
What if there is an inhaler?
If the patient does not have a carrying pocket metered-dose inhaler, in this case, to prevent acute asthma attack, you need to take half a tablet crushed Antastman, teofedrina, atropine, ephedrine and aminophylline and drink drug hot tea or broth plantain, thyme, pinekidney, nard, mother and stepmother, licorice, marshmallow root, cyanosis, ipecac.Typically, fifteen - twenty minutes sputum departs and it becomes easier to breathe and forty - sixty minutes maximum effect comes medications.The therapeutic effect lasts up to five hours.
Sometimes it happens that the drug, well removes asthma attacks, does not give the desired effect.This happens when a bronchospastic syndrome joined the swelling of bronchial mucosa, resulting in the violation occurred drainage function.In this case it can not be automatically switched to "more effective" medication or increase the dose of the former.For technical support you need to see a specialist.