August
12
14:32
Children // Child Health

Causes of atopic dermatitis and how to deal with the disease

Where does atopic dermatitis WHO experts believe that the dermatitis - a real social disaster.And the most insidious of them - atopic dermatitis, which is manifested early, persistent course different, difficult to treat.Among allergic diseases, accounting for 2/3 of the time.At the same time 50% of children with atopic dermatitis, are older get asthma or allergic rhinitis.

Content

expert on the causes and nature of dermatitis ↑

Why developatopic dermatitis?↑

It is a chronic hereditary disease occurs in people who have a genetic predisposition to allergic diseases.

etiology of the disease is currently unknown, but experts have identified three groups of factors that cause the development of atopic dermatitis.It allergens pseudoallergy (irritany) and pathogens (vir

uses, fungi, bacteria).It is believed that the disease is associated with conditions in which the child lives, and the nature of the pregnancy, and the environment, and genetic predisposition.

Hereditary predisposition ↑

noticed that half of the patients with atopic dermatitis first degree relatives also suffering from this disease or other allergic respiratory diseases.At the same time the children with one parent who is ill with atopic dermatitis have a serious chance of getting the disease.

But the mechanism of inheritance at the moment is not fully understood.Experts suggest that the disease is associated with impairment of several genes.Atopy - a group of similar flow of allergic diseases.The basis of its development of a set of genes that is inherited.The predisposition to the development of atopy control at least 20 genes.

Hazardous prenatal factors ↑

Where does atopic dermatitis This adverse effect on the fetus.For example, a mother working in hazardous work (in contact with the chemical or pharmaceutical agents, working in a room with high or low temperatures) violates diet, eating meals with plenty of trofoallergenov protein.Contribute to the development of dermatitis in children and infectious diseases mom that she suffered during pregnancy (viral or fungal infection, pyelonephritis, cholecystitis, diseases of the genitourinary system, pneumonia, acute respiratory infections), stress, smoking, including passive.

Perinatal factors (before the birth and immediately after) ↑

proved that intrauterine infections (toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, ureaplasmosis, chlamydia, herpes virus, hepatitis C virus) contribute to the development of the disease.

Causes of atopic dermatitis may become pathological childbirth and disorders of adaptation newborn (anoxia, respiratory disorders, prematurity, pneumonia).This pathological conditions which require treatment measures using medications.The development of dermatitis affects feeding and newborn.Probably less if breastfeeding is started immediately after birth.In contrast, when using artificial mixture increases the likelihood of atopic dermatitis.

Actions parents of a child with atopic dermatitis ↑

Where does atopic dermatitis should be to pay special attention to skin care of the child.Daily bathing moisturizes and cleans it creates a feeling of comfort.With good endurance in the water can be added to herbal teas that are prescribed by a doctor.Care is needed, and in order to minimize the complications of the nervous system.After skin - is the body with the greatest surface.With its defeat in the central nervous system receives drive signals.Therefore, in children with atopic dermatitis often have neuro-psychiatric disorders.It is important to maintain a favorable psychological climate in the family, perhaps even should bring a psychologist.

Make sure to wet cleaning of the apartment, especially the room where the baby sleeps.Avoid large amounts of furniture, stuffed toys.The curtains on the windows must be synthetic and cotton, wash them at least once in 2-3 months.Minimize the use of synthetic detergents, which are potential allergens.

sure to follow all the recommendations of the attending physician - is one of the main conditions for successful treatment.Children with atopic dermatitis watching allergist and dermatologist.Remember that the easiest way to interrupt the allergic process, when the child has not yet reached the age of three.

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