In the twentieth century, was discovered penicillin, which dropped significantly due to the mortality rate of children.However, even now, doctors do not have a consensus on the need to use antibiotics for the treatment of small children, because it carries both benefit and significant harm.
antibiotic can in a short time destroy the hotbed of malicious inflammation, and with it all the useful microflora in the body.Therefore, many take the view that children's immunity should independently to combat the disease.
first antibiotics used by doctors is extremely rare and is always justified, and the treatment duration exceeded 10 days.Modern antibiotics are more effective and can save the patient from complications in just a couple of days.Nevertheless, let us consider carefully all the "pros" and "against" the use of these drugs for medical purposes.
negative impact of antibiotics
Firstly, along with the antibiotics kill pathogens and their own microflora.
Second, if the treatment is carried out
Third, antibiotic detrimental effect on human immunity, and the bacteria become "immune" to the effects of potent drugs, and with great difficulty amenable to any therapy.
As shown, the widespread use of antibiotics proved ineffective.Because every single medication designed to kill specific kinds of pathogens, the effects of the antibiotic should be strictly focused.In the case where treatment does not lead to the desired result, typically clinicians are beginning to use a different antibiotic, stronger.As a result, the patient receives a goiter.
addition, antibiotic therapy involves changing medication, because over time the microorganisms become resistant to a particular number of the drugs used.Because under normal circumstances is almost impossible to detect bacterial resistance to a certain type of antibiotic, the pediatricians simply reinsured and prefer at every opportunity to appoint young patients a course of broad spectrum antibiotics.
When justified by the use of antibiotics?
- at rapidly developing an infection;
- when an outbreak of bacterial infection (pneumonia, sepsis, tuberculosis);
- during acute infection (pyelonephritis or osteomyelitis);
- after surgery;
- for diseases of the genitourinary system (chlamydia, cystitis);
- in inflammation of the ear and respiratory (otitis media, sinusitis, tonsillitis).
Dear parents, you have to remember that antibiotics do not treat cough (only if it is not due to pneumonia or bronchitis), viral diseases (hepatitis B, rubella, SARS) and candidiasis (thrush).Absolutely useless antibiotics for the treatment of helminthic infestation in children.
use of antibiotics at a temperature above 38-39 C does not carry the goal to reduce fever, and is aimed at the destruction of harmful bacteria that cause sharp reaction of the organism.
What is a course of antibiotics
On average, treatment with antibiotics is about five days.The preparations of the last generation can achieve the desired results in 1-3 days.It is strictly forbidden to cancel their own treatment regimen assigned to the pediatrician at the first sign of improvement of the child.The fact that the baby's body can be so weakened that it is not able to "finish off" the infection itself.In this case, the disease was successfully transformed into chronic.
Another reason why you can not do that - through their actions adult help harmful bacteria adapt to antibiotics.However, we can continue to self-treatment after five days without the recommendation of a pediatrician.Long-term use of antibiotic can lead to allergies and dysbiosis.
Usually treated with antibiotics, the doctor recommends the simultaneous reception of probiotics and antihistamines (allergy).Thus, there is a restoration of intestinal microflora.
While receiving an antibiotic is necessary to adhere to certain rules:
- antibiotics should be taken strictly in accordance with the appointment of a pediatrician;
- child consumed citrus juices enhance the absorption of the antibiotic by the body, which can lead to an overdose;
- single dose of antibiotic required to drink water;
- decoction of St. John's wort is able to neutralize the effects of antibiotic treatment, and reduce everything to "zero."
What determines the effectiveness of the use of antibiotics?
decision on the admission of the child must take antibiotics only doctor.This solution pediatrician receives based on the following factors: the presence of high temperature, the disease, the general condition and age of the child.
If the doctor strongly recommends antibiotic therapy, the parents need to clarify the following questions:
- regimen prescribed the drug (the duration of the course, the intervals between doses doses themselves dose depending on the age and weight of the child);
- what side effects may give antibiotics.
physician should clearly and lucidly explain what side effects has prescribed medication, and how parents can help their child cope with them when they occur.
benefit from antibiotic treatment will depend on how true mother will follow their treatment regimens, as well as how it will be assured of its validity.Some cases are so severe that by receiving antibiotic life literally depends on the child and his health!