Diets // Protein diet

Diet for pregnant women in 1.2 and 3 trimesters

Diet for pregnant women in 1.2 and 3 trimesters

Protein diet for pregnant

protein - a builder of each of our cells.It is needed by all, without exception, and especially women during pregnancy.The protein is involved in the full development of the fetus, strengthens the placenta, uterus, mammary glands - the female body prepares for childbirth and subsequent breastfeeding.One of the functions of the protein is to strengthen the immune system of the future mother, so doctors recommend that pregnant women stick to protein diet.

Daily expectant mother is obliged to add to your diet to 30g of animal protein and vegetable protein 90g.However, this does not mean complete elimination of carbohydrates from the menu.Such a diet is particularly desirable in the second half of pregnancy, a time when the anemia may occur.However, in cases such as kidney problems, the presence of molasses and so on. D. Protein need to be careful and consult a physician before use of a diet.

General recommendations for the use of protein diet for pregnant women:

  • composing the menu, keep in mind that you now need to 800kkal more than before;

  • daily intake of protein to 120g;

  • Cook meat and fish on the grill mainly silt in a double boiler, as fried foods are sources of carcinogens;

  • In choosing a product, give preference to the fruit of his native land;

  • Observe hypoallergenic diet.

  • entire daily ration divided into five receptions;

  • ban on alcohol and smoking.

products that are allowed in this diet for daily use:

  • Eggs - 2 pcs three times a week;

  • Milk - 2st., Low-fat yogurt;

  • any vegetables that are green;

  • Each food intake add cereal products;

  • Fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C - once a day;

  • butter, cheese, cottage cheese, fresh vegetable oils;

  • Rabbit meat, turkey, lean beef or lamb;

  • drink water as needed.

all human protein diet will ensure the future baby the necessary set of nutrients and will give him a full-fledged development, and will help keep the mother figure of excess weight.The main thing to consider in your diet daily requirement of protein and to draw up a menu.And do not forget to coordinate their actions with the doctor.

vegetarian diet for pregnant

Pregnancy involves increasing the body's need for nutrients.Choosing a plant or a vegetarian diet would be most prudent for pregnant women.The diet of this diet consists of whole natural foods rich in valuable nutrients.In it there are no empty calories, which abound in processed foods.The diet will allow you to properly put on weight during pregnancy - up to two kilograms per month.

Pay special attention to the following nutrients:

  • calcium - vegetables with green beans, soy milk, figs, sunflower seeds, almond oil;

  • vitamin D -temnye rice varieties, some of cereals;

  • iron - legumes, dried fruits, cereals, vegetables with green (iron is well absorbed with vitamin C);

  • zinc - nuts, legumes, whole grain foods, cheese (for the lacto-vegetarian diet);

  • protein - soy, lentils, nuts, beans, seeds.

Using plant-based diet, it is useful to understand which foods contain the required set of nutrients.The secret of this power - the diversity of the diet, as monotonous menu does not saturate the body with the use.Well-designed, which will replace the herbal products in your diet milk, meat, fish and eggs.If you go to veganism difficult, try the lacto-vegetarian diet.It is allowed to use milk and eggs.

Diet for pregnant women in trimester 1

diet of pregnant women in the first trimester does not have strong differences of power before pregnancy, but tastes can change.Therefore, if you eat, as it is necessary, start using a system of proper nutrition.This will allow to do without toxicity, and lay a positive foundation for the development of a new life.If necessary, take drugs such as iodine, vitamin E, folic acid, but this problem is solved only with a doctor.

daily include in a diet salad with vegetable oil, fish marine origin.The source of B vitamins and fiber becomes bread from wheat flour.Given the rising burden on the kidneys, reasonable to limit the use of spicy and savory products (vinegar, pepper, mustard and so on. D.).Unloading liver will replace fried dishes steamed and boiled, fatty foods on fasting.Limit your intake of butter, fat sour cream, and cream and vegetable oil.

salt, as a component of water metabolism, deserves special attention.Its excess in the body leads to the appearance of molasses and an obstacle to the elimination of inflammatory processes in the body.The usual rate of salt - 15g per day.In the first trimester can talk about reducing the consumption of salted and smoked products.Stockpiling of iron in the body of the mother, sharply reduces the risk of anemia, as her mother and the child.Iron is found in buckwheat porridge and nuts.

important decision will be the abandonment of strong tea, coffee and products containing caffeine.Thus, you reduce the risk of miscarriage if preterm labor to a minimum.Such substances as caffeine and tannin, dilates blood vessels, thus, increase the pressure.Observations, scientists suggest - the presence of certain birth defects in newborns and caffeine intake during pregnancy are interrelated.

diet for pregnant women in the 2nd trimester

second trimester of pregnancy is characterized by moderate consumption of carbohydrates.This allows adjusting the sharp increase in weight.It is useful to reduce the amount of fat and pickles on the menu.Ready meals need moderately salt.Pay attention to potentially allergenic foods.Their use in the future will cause allergies in children.The correct would be to avoid foods with cholesterol - it will facilitate the work of the liver.

list of foods containing cholesterol:

  • fancy pastries;

  • sausages, smoked;

  • caviar red and black;

  • butter, sour cream, bacon, cheese;

  • beef brains, kidneys, liver.

daily intake of dairy products, calcium join the woman's body and create an opportunity for proper formation of bone structure of the baby.Eating conventional chalk will not solve the problem, it contains contaminants, the accumulation of which has a negative impact.Acceptance of additional drugs with calcium appoint a doctor.

Use fasting day (no more than once a week) to adjust the weight.Apply on line - apple, kefir or cottage cheese.Accordingly, the power these days is 1kg of green apples, 1 liter of yogurt or cottage cheese 1kg.Also during the second trimester, you need to get used to restrict fluids.It will serve as a preparation for the next 3rd trimester.And as a reminder, refuse drinks containing alcohol and smoking.

Diet for pregnant women in trimester 3

in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy can talk about more stringent power requirements.This period is characterized by the occurrence of late toxicity, edema.Prevent these problems will help limit fluid intake.The total volume (water, soups, teas, fruits) should be one liter.It should be a daily measurement of the received and withdrawn fluid from the body, the difference must not exceed 200ml.Restricting salt receiving help release excess fluid from the tissues, hence intensify the metabolic processes in them, and functional fabrics.In the last 8 weeks of pregnancy pinch of salt amount of up to 5g per day, if there were swelling need urgent medical consultation.

recommended to abandon fish and meat broths, gravies of meat, they will adversely affect the liver, which is already working in emergency mode.Better to have vegetables or dairy soups and sauces, boiled meat, baked fish.Be careful with mushroom dishes.Leave in the diet only one type of animal fat - butter.All meals can be prepared in vegetable oils, they contain more vitamins.

Keep taking your medicines recommended by the doctor: iodine, vitamin E, folic acid.Do not stop to arrange fasting days.The last four weeks of pregnancy require tight restrictions on the use of honey, jam, sugar, and others. Completely stop eating flour and fat.Implementation of these recommendations will prepare the fruit for the upcoming birth, ie,the fetus will decrease fat mass, and the passage through the birth canal will be easier.

Diet for pregnant swelling

Swelling - this accumulation of fluid in body tissues.Pregnant swelling appears almost always, especially in the later stages.Excess fluid before birth from a physiological point of view, justified.The fluid fills the volume of blood involved in the metabolism of the fetus is protected from light injuries.Pregnant all processes occur intensively therefore have the need to increase fluid in the body.

Edema no adverse effects on the fetus, but it creates a lot of discomfort for the woman: difficulty walking, difficulty in the execution of small works, numb fingers and toes.Pregnant women are beginning to limit their movements, are rarely outdoors.Swelling disappears after childbirth, and up to this point, the low mobility mothers should not adversely affect the baby.In these cases, doctors use a method dietary effect on swelling.

By drinking the liquid, use the following rules:

  • Drink only when there is thirst;

  • not drink in one gulp, and sips;

  • Drinking allowed: non-carbonated mineral water, herbal teas (on doctor's advice), juices, yogurt, fermented baked milk, yogurt diluted with water.

Long-term monitoring of women during pregnancy, lead to the conclusion - the restriction of fluid in the diet has little effect on the amount of swelling, but significantly impairs mood, increases nervousness, spoils the mood.Therefore effectively limit the amount of salt in the diet, as well as products with its contents.Then thirst will not often remind myself.