Increased intracranial pressure (intracranial hypertension) - a phenomenon are familiar with both adults and children.In children, this condition develops quite rare and not a separate disease, but rather a sign of another, more serious illness.
How to understand that a child's increased intracranial pressure?
When a child is too young to explain to his parents that he feels he has to adult behavior assume any pain and feeling tormented child.An increase in intracranial pressure, the child experiences a severe headache.When the headache intensifies, a child rolls nausea.Tormented headaches baby cries constantly, and at the peak of pain vomit splashed fountain, followed by a relief.
See also: child complains of headache
signs of increased intracranial pressure in a young child may be visual disturbances, such as strabismus (usually bilateral), swelling of the optic nerve, stagnant disks in the fundus.The consciousness of a child during attacks violated: the child moves from an excited state to a
In the first year of life they experienced increased intracranial pressure can cause differences cranial sutures.The head of the baby can grow in size, and this increase is clearly seen visually.SPRING becomes convex state, sealed and in some cases pulsing.During the attack the baby may appear cramps.If seizures last a long time, it is detrimental to the intellectual development of the child, it can cause blindness and become a victim of paralysis.
The presence of the baby raised intracranial pressure may indicate only the combination of a number of the above symptoms.And each of them individually may indicate a completely different disease in children.Correct diagnosis can be made only after careful and thorough examination of the baby.
What parents child with intracranial hypertension?
All parents whose children suffer from increased intracranial pressure must remember that there is no light and heavy conditions in this disease. Whatever manifested itself intracranial hypertension have your baby, he needs inpatient observation and treatment.
Careful attention to the condition of the child, at which seizures were intracranial hypertension is necessary because these attacks are the consequence of a more serious diseases, such as meningitis or encephalitis, or brain tumor.Also, an increase in pressure can be caused by a generic or a brain injury.Hypertension may be caused by congenital structural features of the child central nervous system and result from hypoxia.
In the first years of life the child had not experienced symptoms of increased intracranial pressure, it does not mean that in the future they will not have it.For example, at the senior preschool and younger school age child may begin to complain of headaches and fatigue, avoid bright light.
Parents can take these symptoms for the consequences of fatigue on activities in the kindergarten or school.Actually, it can be dangerous progressive disease in which intracranial hypertension - this is just one of the symptoms.
What is the risk of increased intracranial pressure?
intracranial hypertension is a sign of a serious disease, such as an infectious disease of the brain (meningitis or encephalitis), dropsy of the brain (hydrocephalus), intracranial tumors and hemorrhages and severe hereditary diseases.
on any complaints need to respond to the child's parents, and lead him to the doctor not to miss and do not start the development of a dangerous disease.Identify the presence of the child can be raised intracranial pressure using ultrasound or computed tomography.
Parents should also remember that there is always a diagnosis of intracranial hypertension is absolutely true.At the present time, when I got the ubiquitous ultrasound procedure is the brain of the study may reveal that your child has a structure inside the head deviation from the standard pattern of intracranial.Doctors often mistaken for a sign of a deviation of the intracranial pressure.
Eliminating child from intracranial pressure is carried out by treating the underlying disease.When it comes to removing tumors inside the skull, it would require surgical intervention.In other cases, a doctor diagnosed will determine the most effective treatments, including medication and physiotherapy.