Diarrhea in a child - is a liquid and frequent stools.In addition to changing the chair, baby temperature may rise, can begin abdominal pain and vomiting.
cause diarrhea in children can be intestinal bacteria and viruses, fungi or parasites.Once in the intestine, the infectious agent is either accepted for the destruction of the mucosa, or begins to actively release harmful toxins, because of which suffers intestinal mucosa.
intestinal lesions caused by an infection called gastroenteritis.Depending on the exhibit symptoms of the disease is determined by the nature of the infection - viral or bacterial.And then to be determined, and the very direction of treatment.
Changes chair in infants, especially when they get symptoms of diarrhea, must alert any mother.To treat a child with diarrhea, relying only on their own knowledge and power - is unacceptable.The treatment should be engaged in the doctor, and the task of the parents - as soon as possible to consult a doctor to avoid complications in the he
What types of diarrhea in children?
With its infectious diarrhea pathogen is Escherichia coli, which is very easy to put in the child's body, along with any unwashed product.When you save a diuretic effect within 3 weeks of chronic diarrhea may be considered.Is that the child's condition can result in serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
if diarrhea lasts longer than 2 weeks, then in this case we are talking about acute diarrhea.It may develop in infants due to inappropriate medication reception, treatment with antibiotics, but also because of the development of inflammatory processes or present infection to the baby.If diarrhea occurs in a child with blood, then this condition can be caused by a root disease, ulcerative colitis and other diseases, the doctor can determine that.
presence of blood in children's faeces indicates the occurrence of inflammation in the colon.Blood in the stool may occur because the child failed surgery or getting an infection.It happens that the amount of bleeding and appear in the faeces of children with dysbiosis.But it is also possible that the blood is released from the cracks that appeared in the anus of the baby.However, in this case children's faeces will contain mucus and the consistency is firm.Because of its scope and can cause cracks, and from it, and the blood.
impurities Blood in the stool is considered pathology.We do not recommend parents to engage in self-determination of the causes of blood in the feces grudnichka inclusions.It is better as soon as possible to see a doctor, who will direct the delivery of appropriate analyzes and diagnosis.In the most simple cases in children's blood stool can be caused by haemorrhoids.
If grudnichka appeared bloody diarrhea - it is considered a very dangerous symptom.In such situations, parents hesitate in any case impossible.It is urgent to call an ambulance or take the child immediately to the infectious department at Children's Hospital.Bloody diarrhea is a symptom not of gastroenteritis and severe intestinal infection, for example, such as salmonella, dysentery, cholera and others.
Unlike watery diarrhea, bloody diarrhea allocated much smaller portions.Often grudnichok experiencing false urge to empty the bowel.With the development of the disease bacteria and toxins secreted by them damaging the wall of the colon.
in bloody diarrhea may be present mucus.If a child is sick with dysentery, such as green slime it looks lumps with bloody streaks.Salmonellosis and colibacillosis mucus looks like flakes of orange and green.
See also: Green diarrhea
in infants with bloody diarrhea, fever, vomiting occur.
To make a correct diagnosis, it is necessary to hand over the child's feces for analysis in order to identify the causative agent.According to test results, treatment is prescribed.Intestinal bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics.However, parents should not give your child antibiotics on their own, as this may harm the health of the baby.
doctor will examine the child to draw conclusions about the nature of the disease and, in the case of gastro-intestinal infection, notify sanitary and epidemiological station to prevent the spread of the disease.Treatments of such infection takes from several days to 2 weeks.During treatment it is recommended to stop all contacts of a sick child with other people.
called on the doctor's house, parents can give the child a fever reducer such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.But the main thing - it is not the temperature, and the loss of water and electrolytes the child's body.After the baby to empty the bowel, let the child rehydration solution - rehydron electrolyte, touring or Humana.These solutions compensate for the lack of fluid in the body and it is saturated with glucose and mineral salts.
prepare an electrolytic solution is simple.If you do not have in the medicine cabinet in advance stockpiled bag with the electrolyte, then boil a liter of water and refrigerate it to body temperature.Dissolve in the water 1 teaspoon soda and salt and 2 tablespoons sugar.Not poite baby plenty of solution at a time.Give him the liquid is often little.It is recommended to give the child every 10 minutes, 1-2 teaspoons of the solution.In general, the grudnichka to 4 months should take no less than 200-400 ml of solution, as a child 4-12 months - 400-700 ml.
See also: Vomiting and diarrhea in infants
To prevent intestinal infection in their infants, follow a few simple rules
1. Try to feed your baby breast mainly by giving it to him as often as possible in the summer, when on the risethe number of intestinal infections.
2. All that is within reach of the child, kept spotlessly clean - wash, wash with soap and water, etc.
3. While walking on the street carefully, make sure that the child is not pulled into his mouth everything what reaches.
4. Follow the shelf life of children's food and fresh water, which poite baby.
Mother grudnichka should always pay attention to the state of children's feces.If children's faeces are dark in color, it may be a sign of bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract of the baby.Typically, such feces have tarry appearance.The cause of such bleeding can be severe gastritis.If your child stool yellow or white, and with blood, most likely, the child developed a gall bladder disease or liver disease.This can happen if the power in infants too fat and poorly processed baby stomach.
Whatever the color of children's faeces, the presence of blood in it should be a signal to the mother of the child to immediately seek medical help.