called allergic rhinitis nasal mucosa damage caused by allergic factors.
Children allergic rhinitis develops very often.Gentle mucous membrane of the nose of the first child in contact with volatile substances - aeroallergens, resulting in increased sensitization - sensitivity to allergens.
disease allergic rhinitis does not threaten a child's life, but the exacerbation of rhinitis negatively affect the protective properties of the child's body, and school-age children because the disease progresses fatigue.
Allergic rhinitis can develop the child's own and may be accompanied by allergic disorders of the skin, bronchi and digestive tract.The disease is considered to be allergic rhinitis medicine predastmaticheskim state.
See also: acute rhinitis in children
The causes of allergic rhinitis in children
All types of allergies, including allergic rhinitis, caused by three types of allergens - inhalation, food and microbial.
In most cases in children allergic rhinitis occurs because of the actio
household allergens - it is, first of all:
1. house dust, which includes a large number of small particles of synthetic and cotton fabrics, dyes, plastics, washing powder, feathers and down pillows, as well as mites Dermatofagoides;
2. Library dust, which includes pieces of paper, cardboard and various materials used in the design and processing of books.
Allergens of animal origin - is a piece of hair, lint, dandruff and excrement of pets and birds.
allergens Fungal spores are microscopic fungi that live in the environment and in large quantities present in house dust unventilated, damp and dark rooms.The textile, pharmaceutical, leather and food industry are the source of the increased spread of fungal allergens.Also, some types of fungi can affect plants and their fruits, which feeds people.Accordingly, the contact with the affected fungus carrots, cabbage, potatoes, apples, plums and citrus, the child comes into contact with fungal allergens.
Plant allergens are present in the grass and flowers, trees and algae and, respectively, fruit and vegetables.Allergic rhinitis may be a reaction to a child as plant pollens, and the plants themselves.Some plants, for example, such as clover, ivy, parsnips, cause an allergic reaction on contact with skin or mucous membranes.Many plants can cause an allergic reaction, is used in cosmetics, perfume and pharmaceutical production.Accordingly, the manufacture of cosmetics and medicines will cause allergic rhinitis in the child's sense of smell, even without direct contact.
microbial allergens included in the structure of microbial cells and products of its life.Allergic rhinitis, in response to microbial allergens may occur in a child with pockets of infection in the respiratory or ear cavities.
Additional causes of the allergic rhinitis in children include: environmental pollution, vitamin deficiencies, dry and hot air, unfavorable living conditions.
symptoms of allergic rhinitis in children
Allergic rhinitis manifested, first and foremost, enhanced discharge of mucus from the nose.In addition, the main symptom, the child lays the nose and ears, headache.In the eyes and nose picking itching and burning.Due to the fact that the child's nose with a handkerchief or constantly wiped his hands of the baby, the skin above the upper lip is irritated and red.Often, a child's eyelids swell and redden eyes.My ears noise, the hearing may be affected.
Ill allergic rhinitis can a child of any age.The child, lying on his back, the symptoms of the disease are more severe.In some cases, excessive separation of the nasal mucus may be completely absent, while itself nasal breathing may be completely blocked due to severe swelling of mucous in the nasal cavity.
frequency and frequency of disease allergic rhinitis in children may be different.If the child has allergic rhinitis is caused by indoor allergens, such a child will suffer the disease all year round, from time to time experiencing a short break.
If allergic rhinitis is pollen, the worsening of the disease the child will have a close connection with the flowering season.
difficult to recognize the nature of allergic rhinitis caused by microbial allergens.In such cases, an exacerbation occur when activated by chronic infection in the child's body, and for a long time, the field of anti-inflammatory therapeutic measures.
diagnosis of allergic rhinitis in children
diagnosis of allergic rhinitis is based on a survey of parents of a sick child doctor.In the survey, the doctor clarifies the data on changes in the child's health, an allergic heredity, trying to identify all the signs of an allergic reaction to determine its causes and sources.
ENT doctor examines the nasal mucosa of the child to ensure that he has an allergic rhinitis, and not viral or bacterial origin.Mucus from the nose directed to the child, laboratory tests and, in the case of allergic rhinitis, has a large number of eosinophils - allergy cells and immunoglobulin (IgE).
How to treat allergic rhinitis in children?
Allergic rhinitis in children is treated the same as other allergic diseases.The first step is to protect the child from allergens.
treatment of allergic rhinitis in the child shall be carried out strictly under the guidance and supervision of a physician.To eliminate the allergic reaction of the nasal mucosa, use special drops and sprays, which contain cromoglicic acid.In addition to dropping into the nose, the doctor prescribes the reception of antiallergic drugs.
The most common treatment for allergic rhinitis in young children are a special nasal lavage with isotonic solution, which in its composition is very similar to the natural nasal fluids.Such washing is safe and help eliminate the swelling and inflammation of the nose child.If drops and sprays the child can develop an allergic reaction more, then washes such side effects do not happen.Infants
recommended washing nozzle isotonic solution every 30 minutes for half of the pipette into each nostril.As a result of this procedure the leaching of allergens from children's nose, swelling of the nasal mucosa subsides, the baby starts to breathe, and his immune system is strengthened further.
How to prevent the development of allergic rhinitis in children?
Prevention of allergic rhinitis in children include measures to ensure that "hypoallergenic" mode - limit exposure to allergens.In the room where the child lives with allergies should be as often as possible to carry out wet cleaning.
If your baby is suffering from year-round allergies, his condition can be alleviated by removing the surrounding child hazards, including tobacco smoking, intake of junk food and medicines.Avoid contact with animals, birds, fish food, clothing and bedding, containing down and feathers.
If your child is not allergic rhinitis occurs year-round, and the season, then the period of seasonal exacerbations recommended removal of the child from the area or limit the walks kid on the street.Additionally there should be regular nasal lavage child.
in child nutrition should strictly adhere to the pediatrician and allergist recommended diet.It is also important to limit the use of the child's parents strongly scented cosmetics and perfumes.It is a good way to increase a child's body resistance to allergies is hardening.