Childbirth // After childbirth

How to prevent postpartum

How to prevent postpartum

not so rare situation where a woman a few months after giving birth again to become pregnant.In fact, not only the complexity of the care of the newborn during the second pregnancy, but also serious stress your body - which has not yet had time to fully recover from the former generation, having the necessary resources and powers.Of course, after the hospital is hardly a woman draws particular attention to the sex, because now missing home, and many other concerns and desires.But in reality, after the postpartum recovery of the female body, are anxiety and fatigue, there is more and more attention from the husband - so a method of contraception after childbirth should consider before returning home.

recommended to clarify the matter in advance with your local gynecologist, also consult a health visitor.If, however, as his adviser usually choose the Internet, can help determine the best one.In his article, to fix his attention on the possible means of reliable contraception after birth, considered the

ir individual advantages and disadvantages.

When should I start to be protected after the birth?

According to WHO experts, to begin protection of pregnancy is recommended after only three weeks after birth.Of course, the conception of the child in this period is unlikely, but still retained the likelihood.The majority of women who do not breastfeed, there is the first ovulation has already six weeks after birth - so definitely need due contraception.

Breastfeeding as a natural contraception postpartum

during lactation the female body provides active hormones prolactin and oxytocin.These hormones in the body to prevent ovulation, but not all.After the suppression of ovulation can only be achieved a certain amount of these hormones.Generally, if a woman breastfeeding her child every four hours, prolactin and oxytocin appears to be sufficient to protect the pregnancy.But irregular breast-feeding, especially by the method of feeding, the female body does not produce enough hormone levels - so there is likely to ovulation and unwanted pregnancy.

deserves special attention as the other fact - many women, even during breastfeeding, there is the resumption of ovulation after only three weeks after birth.This woman, if there is a birth, may not even be aware of the ensuing pregnancy - because she was sure that the menstrual cycle can be normalized only after some time.Consequently, we can say with confidence that breastfeeding can not be considered the most reliable and effective means of contraception after childbirth.

Breastfeeding can be used as a means of contraception, but to be effective you need to follow certain conditions:

  • Breastfeeding should start immediately after childbirth.If for some reason a woman in the first days or weeks after birth could not feed the child, it is necessary to resort to supplementary means of contraception on a common basis.

  • must be fully breastfeeding without supplementary feeding and complementary feeding.When administered puree or a mixture of such contraceptive effectiveness is greatly reduced.

  • necessary part of breastfeeding - breaks should not be more than 4 hours, be sure to feed at least once during the night, optimally - twice.

  • absence of menstruation.After their recovery may speak about the appearance of ovulation, resulting in the probability of conception.Therefore, you should consider other means of contraception.

  • Age child up to six months.Take protective effect of breastfeeding can only be up to this period.

If violated one of the conditions discussed, significantly increases the chance of pregnancy - should think about other means of contraception.

Oral contraceptives for the prevention of postpartum

Immediately it should be noted - the use of the contraceptive pill is not suitable for every woman.Especially if breast-feeding.After all, like birth control pills in their composition containing the hormone estrogen, which reduces milk production.Therefore, during breastfeeding women should opt for oral contraceptives with low levels of progesterone, which does not lead to consequences for milk production.But in this case, the woman will have to weigh all the "pros" and the possible disadvantages of this option.

By the choice of hormonal contraceptives should be individualized, taking into account the specific contraindications.Therefore, their use is not suitable for all women.In fact, quite difficult to determine the optimal drug for women even experienced and qualified professionals.While taking inappropriate tablets may develop depression, weight loss, frequent migraines and other common problems.Therefore, you should initially understand whether justified the use of the contraceptive, given the possible consequences.
advantages of hormonal methods:

  • Efficiency - about 98%.

  • not result in harmful effects to the baby, do not affect the quality and quantity of breast milk

Disadvantages of hormonal contraception:

  • probability of adverse reactions in the form of inter-menstrual spotting, irregular menstrual cycle.

  • Reception tablets should be strictly in the same time not to decreased contraceptive effect.

Intrauterine contraception postpartum

Side effects of using pills lead to quite natural concerns of many women, so everything is becoming more common to use a diaphragm or IUD.But once we note that the recommended choice of these funds are not for every woman - they can be used only after the restoration of the original size of the uterus.Also in the case of an ectopic pregnancy before a woman or when "endometriosis" operates a strict ban on the use of an intrauterine device.

Therefore, we can say - to use a spiral immediately after birth can not, should take sufficient time.In addition, the choice must be made individually - this option is not for every woman.Also, do not forget the relatively high cost of such contraceptive.

Benefits of intrauterine contraception:

  • effective contraception - about 98%.

  • not lead to consequences for the child's health, the quality and quantity of breast milk.

selection Disadvantages:

  • may lead to a heavy menstruation.

  • possibility of loss of the IUD, which increases the chance of pregnancy.

condoms to protect themselves after childbirth

Condoms retain the status of the most effective and affordable for every woman contraception in the postpartum period.Especially effective in this case the condom with spermicidal jelly.

But do not forget also about the certain shortcomings of this means: there is a possibility slippeth or torn condom.Therefore, we recommend buying a good quality condoms - only in the pharmacy, always taking into account the size of the rubber products.

advantages of condom use:

  • When used properly, a condom contraceptive efficacy is approaching about 100%.

  • Maximum ease of use.

  • addition to pregnancy, provide protection against diseases transmitted through sexual contact.

  • Eliminates harmful effects for the baby during breastfeeding.

Disadvantages of condoms:

can slip or break.

permanent contraception postpartum women

vasectomy and sterilization is used in cases where both partners have decided not to give birth to children.The most effective method of contraception, but it is understood its specificity.

Summarizing the article, it is possible to note the existence of a fairly large selection of various means of contraception after childbirth.But it is a universal remedy for all women can not be - in every case the choice to be done individually.That is why we can recommend a consultation with your doctor to find the best response to such a topical issue.