Doctors continue constant controversy about the benefits and dangers of Oxytocin during labor or after them.This recall a few of the important features - Oxytocin is not just a preparation for intravenous and intramuscular injection, but also very complex human hormone.It is in the human brain there is a development of oxytocin, which will depend on the process of childbirth and recovery it is also the possibility of breastfeeding.Modern science and medicine continue their rapid growth, scientists have been able to inherit the human hormone oxytocin, developing a pharmacologically copy.
Today, virtually every pharmacy can offer customers a synthetic hormonal drug Oxytocin, on the functions similar to endogenous oxytocin posterior pituitary.The drug has been developed, but always an ongoing debate about the possibility and relevance of using it.In his article, we will pay special attention to this issue, try to understand - whether medication is needed after the birth, what benefits it enables.
purpose and action of oxytocin after delivery
The instructions to the drug indicates that it is appointed for induction, but only when absolutely necessary, for the purpose of induction of labor, if it turns out to be insufficient.Oxytocin drug is also used after birth to prevent hypertensive bleeding (after cesarean section), and to accelerate the post-partum involution, and to stimulate lactation.
To understand why it is assigned to the drug in the case of these states, you need to understand the features of complex human hormones.Therefore oxytocin inseparably associated with lactation and birth, considering effects on the breast and uterus.Oxytocin enhances uterine contractility, with the stimulation of oxytocin and cells surrounding the alveoli of the breast - begins the process of contraction, "pushing" the milk from the breast.
increasing levels of oxytocin in the last months of pregnancy, usually at night (according to scientists, and this explains the high probability of giving birth at night).The maximum level of oxytocin released into the blood during the delivery period 2-3.
necessity of this hormone after birth is to restore the uterus, normalize the process of breastfeeding.Nature perfectly thought through all relevant processes, but sometimes they can give some failures - all passes in practice is not so smooth.
Some evidence suggests that receiving piece Oxytocin during labor or after they are required for every third woman.With the right approach to the appointment of the drug avoids many problems.Where the drug is given only "a safety net", a high probability of certain consequences.
In particular, an overdose of oxytocin mothers may be accompanied by some side effects, including hypertension or hypotension, up to anaphylactic shock.However, the appointment
Oxytocin is common after childbirth very often.This hormone after cesarean section is injected into the muscle of the uterus, because the brain because of the artificial delivery can not "find their way" will not happen start production of oxytocin - it will not happen without a contraction of the uterus after childbirth.At high risk of uterine bleeding in women, it will also need the appointment of Oxytocin after childbirth.Sometimes reception Oxytocin is designed to prevent lactostasis, facilitating the process of "promotion" of milk from the mammary glands.
opinion of doctors against Oxytocin receiving postpartum
Many experts are of the opinion strongly against the use of the drug after birth.In their view, the effect of this piece of the hormone can lead to the displacement of the natural hormone, which is why there are further negative impact on breastfeeding.
In order to avoid the need for artificial injection of the hormone oxytocin in the postpartum period should be provided for the child's early breastfeeding.Due to the 'invisible connection' between mother and newborn, and child sucking a breast, the brain provides more active hormone oxytocin, thus ensuring a more rapid reduction in the uterus.Ensure a sufficient level of oxytocin can produce any woman: the appearance of painful uterine contractions during breastfeeding (within a few weeks in the postpartum period), we can speak of a normal level of natural oxytocin, so do not need to receive an artificial hormone.
history artificial Oxytocin - the first piece
Oxytocin hormone maintains the status of the world's artificial hormone.The synthesis of this hormone was done back in 1954.For the synthesis of oxytocin its creator Vincent Du Vigneault from the US was even awarded the Nobel Prize.According to the research, it was found that oxytocin can reduce anxiety, instead of which a person feels an offensive sense of security and tranquility.At the same time according to some scientists, oxytocin is given importance in sexual arousal.
not stop studying the hormone oxytocin in these days - is widely believed that it may be used for the treatment of autism in adults and children.But while the experts failed to provide scientific proof of the matter.An increasing number of oxytocin in the blood after intercourse women and children, including strangers.All this once again confirms the uniqueness of the female body, which nature has the necessary conditions for pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum recovery.
Limitations and contraindications to receiving Oxytocin
Regardless of the specific indications for the use of oxytocin, its reception is possible only when adequate medical supervision, use of the drug as a stimulant or initiator of labor can only in a hospital.
the appointment Oxytocin is required to take into account the existing contraindications:
mismatch size of the pelvis the mother and the baby's head in case of improper position of the fetus, when possible natural childbirth, with a narrow pelvis, transverse fetal position, frontal previa, previa cord orits loss, placenta previa.
In the event of a threat of uterine rupture, given the risk of uterine rupture life mother and child.
When uterine scar, including scars after cesarean section or myomectomy (removal of nodes benign tumors of the uterus - uterine fibroids), taking into account the risk of insolvency of scars, which is why there is a risk of uterine rupture.
When obstacles to birth vaginally.Among such problems should be noted atresia (imperforate cervix), a tumor of the cervix, her scar changes that prevent the disclosure of the cervix.
data on individual sensitivity to the drug.
extreme caution is necessary to take a decision on oxytocin in the case of uterine fibroids and multiple pregnancy.It should be extremely careful with taking this medication when symptoms of hypoxia - deficiency of oxygen.Since the action of oxytocin leads to a longer duration and frequency of contractions, with a deterioration of the blood supply to the placenta during labor.
To avoid complications from taking this drug, you must strictly adhere to the established treatment regimen and dose oxytocin.Suitable dosage depends on the specific indications for its reception.Usually delivery need to initiate a large dose, to increase labor - less.Gradually increase the speed of oxytocin from a few drops to a dozen per minute - to provide a vigorous generic activities of women.