Runny nose in young children - not such a harmless disease.And, despite the fact that the people believed that rhinitis itself may take up to 7 days without treatment, even in a situation with toddlers it is not so.
inflammation of the nasal mucosa, which is called medical rhinitis usually occurs in children of any other disease.Rhinitis can appear in a child as a single disease, and may be accompanied by a number of different diseases, such as influenza, scarlet fever, measles, adenovirus infection, and others.
If a child rhinitis is not treated, it can cause complete obstruction of the nasal passages.Rhinitis makes breathing difficult child, a child with rhinitis trouble sleeping and eating, becomes nervous, he begins to lose weight.The younger the child, the more likely that because he will develop rhinitis otitis.
types and stages of acute rhinitis in children
most common form of acute rhinitis in children are divided into infectious (specific and nonspecific) and allergies.
acute nonspecific rhinitis develops in the child at the beginning of acute respiratory disease, extending to the nasal mucosa, pharynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs of the child.
specific acute rhinitis caused children infectious agents, eg, such as scarlet fever, measles, tuberculosis, diphtheria, and others.
acute rhinitis has three stages:
first - dry stage of irritation;
second - stage serous secretions;
third - stage of purulent mucus.
first stage of acute rhinitis lasts only a few hours.Since its beginning the child feels bad: he has a fever, headache, nasal burns and tickles the sense of smell is disturbed, breathing gradually becomes more difficult.At this stage of rhinitis nasal mucosa swells, narrowing the nasal passages, highlight yet.
second stage of acute rhinitis is characterized by the appearance of sero-mucous secretion.The selection contains a lot of salt, ammonia and biologically active substances.All this causes irritation of the skin on the child's upper lip and on the eve of the nose.The skin in these areas reddens and cracks.
swelling of the mucous in the nose continues to grow, as swollen turbinates, nasal passages are narrowed even further, sometimes completely blocking access to the air and breathing.This step is accompanied by watery eyes and sneezing.Toddlers increases the risk of disease otitis.
third stage acute rhinitis in children - a period when changing the composition of discharge from the nose: it is cloudy, acquiring first yellowish, then greenish color.This change in color is due to the presence in the discharge of leucocytes and epithelial mucin.This mucosal edema and nasal turbinate slightly decreases, there is a decrease, and then complete disappearance of the muco-purulent discharge.
Total acute infectious rhinitis in children can last from 8 to 14 days.A child with a strong immunity period of the disease may be much shorter - 2-3 days.A debilitated children acute infectious rhinitis and may be delayed for 3-4 weeks.
Allergic rhinitis - a condition in which the mucous membrane of the nose becomes inflamed due to an allergic nature.Starting copious fluid from the nose, nasal breathing is difficult, itchy nose, the child begins to sneeze periodically.
more detail about the treatment of allergic rhinitis in children read here
main irritants (allergens) act:
dusty spring, summer and early autumn the plants;
vegetating in spring and autumn fungi;
chemicals, dust, smoke, strong odors.
weaken manifestations of allergic rhinitis can be when changing living conditions, for example, when moving to the city to the countryside with a good environment.Some patients with allergic rhinitis children are relieved only after being placed in a hospital.
allergic rhinitis children are divided into two main categories - "chihalschikov" and "sopelschikov."Children in the first group suffer from recurrent bouts of sneezing, watery discharge, itchy nose, conjunctivitis.The second category of children almost sneezes, but suffers from thick secretions and deterioration of health, especially in the night hours.
Features rhinitis in infants
Adults suffer runny nose is relatively easy, but in children, especially infants, cold can cause big problems.Acute rhinitis may go into nasopharyngitis, in which inflammation is not limited to the nasal cavity, the pharynx and the baby.Infants suffering from pronounced swelling of the mucosa of the larynx and trachea.
Because of swelling and difficulty breathing becomes difficult baby sucking mother's breast.The kids at the same time become irritable and whiny.Rhinitis in the infant can easily spill over into otitis or pneumonia.
call a doctor in rhinitis in infants is necessary in cases where the baby is not only observed discharge from the nose, and fever.Even if the child's temperature is normal, but the separation of the nose prevented him to breathe, eat or sleep, parents should show the child to the doctor.
Medical assistance is also required in cases where the highlight color become yellowish or greenish.Change the color and smell of discharges, as well as the appearance of cough may indicate the development of the child's infection.
How to treat acute rhinitis in the child?
To prevent complications from rhinitis overflow from one stage to another, you should immediately start treatment of this disease.
Conservative treatment of rhinitis are varied and include:
Physical - when a child is exposed to moderate exercise, while providing a healthy atmosphere in the room where the baby is sick.The room should be regularly aired, not to use fragrances, ensure that no dust and cigarette smoke, as well as any allergens to which the body reacts to the baby.
Physiotherapy - inhalation treatments electrophoresis, laser therapy, phonophoresis, acupuncture and reflexology.
Medication - application of drugs on the mucous membranes in the nose to reduce swelling and to facilitate the evacuation of harmful content.
choice of drugs for the treatment of rhinitis in children is quite wide and it depends on each case.Your doctor may prescribe a child mucolytics.antibiotics, drugs of natural origin, homeopathic remedies and others. But the main thing that should provide medicines prescribed by the doctor rhinitis - is a decrease in swelling and redness in the nasal cavity, reducing the amount of allocated secret and facilitate breathing.
In addition to the drugs prescribed by the doctor can be used for the treatment of acute rhinitis and traditional medicines.The air in the room should be regularly moisturize.It is useful for children to do foot baths with a decoction of birch leaves and pine or fir needles.However, such baths can be done from the kiddies and older.
Parents need to remember that even the most innocuous children's runny nose need to be treated.Child recovers from the acute rhinitis is directly related to the state of children's immunity.To boost immunity, consult your doctor who will prescribe drugs that best fit your child at this age.