August
12
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Children // Childhood diseases

Causes of diarrhea in children

Causes of diarrhea in children

diarrhea or acute bowel disorder, is one of the most common violations of children's health.Regardless of the causes of diarrhea in a child, he had the appearance of the chair is the body's attempt to urgently get rid of harmful substances, malnutrition or infection.Therefore, immediately begin to fight with diarrhea medicine is not recommended.

The diarrhea is dangerous for small children?

For young children, diarrhea is a very dangerous condition.According to the medical statistics, it is the second leading cause of child mortality under the age of 5 years.Therefore, at the first sign of diarrhea in your baby's need to urgently seek medical advice.

Diarrhea can occur in the child's body a few days, while actively removes salt and fluid to ensure the normal functioning of the body. and death from diarrhea means that the body can not withstand the rapid loss of fluid and the patient died from diarrhea, the child severe dehydration.

main threat to the baby from diarrhea is dehydration (dehydration

).The liquid chair, urine, sweat, vomit, breathing - through all the water leaves the allocation of the child's body, bringing at the same time and are vital for the body's electrolytes - chlorine, sodium, potassium and bicarbonate.If you do not start an urgent reparation of loss of fluid and electrolytes, the child's body enters a state of dehydration.

Dehydration occurs in stages and involves 3 degrees

  • early - without any symptoms and signs;

  • fair - the child is thirsty, his sunken eyes, the skin becomes inelastic behavior - restless and nervous;

  • severe - above symptoms worsen, the child falls into a state of shock, his pulse quickens and weakens, the pressure is reduced to a minimum, the mind becomes cloudy, the limbs are cold and moisturizing, urine is not displayed.

Combating dehydration through otpaivanie child rehydration solution, or the introduction of these solutions through a drip.

How does diarrhea in children?

Diarrhea is a liquid or unformed stools with a frequency of 3 times or more a day.If your child often, but comfortable chair, it can not be considered as diarrhea.Also not considered diarrhea pasty stools of infants.

most high risk of diarrhea in those children, whose body is weakened by malnutrition or disease states which have caused a significant decrease in immunity.

Typically, diarrhea occurs as a result of infection with intestinal viruses, bacteria or parasites.Transmission occurs through drinking liquids contaminated food and contact with another person as a result of non-compliance with the rules of basic hygiene.

In medicine, there are three types of diarrhea:

1. acute watery diarrhea that lasts from a few hours to several days;

2. acute bloody diarrhea (dysentery);

3. persistent diarrhea lasting more than 2 weeks.

Bacterial infection (rotavirus infection or intestinal flu) - the most common factor in the development of diarrhea in children.The child appears frequent stools, accompanied by fever, abdominal pain and emetic episodes.Almost every child under the age of 5 years, at least once the infection is an intestinal flu, accompanied by bouts of diarrhea.

food intolerance - the second most common cause of diarrhea in children.Most often in children, which introduced into the diet of dairy products (especially cow's milk), fruit juices.Children-bottle-provoking diarrhea may not preparing infant formula.

Viral diarrhea often appears in children in the spring and winter, when colds are gaining strength.The body of the sick child cold diarrhea can start using to get rid of microbial infection.Another reason that causes diarrhea in a cold child's body, it could be a reaction to the antibiotics that treat the child from colds.

Article topic: Than to treat diarrhea in a child

How to prevent diarrhea in young children?

have babies who are breastfed, the risk of diarrhea is much lower than in-bottle-babies.Even if part of a chair at such a child caused by an infection, maternal nutrition in breast milk can help easily transfer disease.

Doctors recommend that mothers who start to introduce solid foods to children's diet, do it gradually and very small portions, carefully watching the reaction of the child's body to a new product.Once seen deterioration of health of the child or the change of his chair, the reception of the product should be stopped immediately and return to their previous diet.

prevent the danger of diarrhea in a child will help compliance with the rules of hygiene.Family members of a small child should wash their hands frequently, and if any of the adults caught the infection, then it should be immediately isolated from the baby.

Diarrhoea occurs without endangering the health and life of a child, while mom, restricting the baby food, gives him at the same time as much of the liquid.Not the number of bowel movements, and the condition and appearance of the baby are an indicator of the severity of diarrhea.If the child has darkened urine, and the child looks lethargic, then dehydration has already begun, and an urgent need to call a doctor.

Prevention of diarrhea in children include the following measures:

1. ensure safe child's body fluid;

2. cleanliness in the room where the child;

3. Regular hand washing with soap;

4. Only breastfeeding for the first six months after birth;

5. Personal Care mother and child health;

6. hygiene of foodstuffs;

7. vaccination against rotavirus disease.