Having a child into the world is often fraught with difficulties of various kinds, even in cases where the pregnancy was normal, the fetus to develop healthy and ready for natural childbirth.The birth process - not an easy task, in which both the mother and the child has to work hard before the long 9 months will be left behind, and the baby breathe freely.
Nature has endowed newborn baby soft, but strong and flexible cranial bones, fastened together seams and fontanelle.With this structure, the bones of infant skull can shift slightly, converge or, on the contrary, to disperse, when the baby is born is selected from the mother's pelvis.And this flexibility and mobility of the cranial bones protect the child from the majority of injuries that can be fraught with labor.
causes and types of hematomas newborn
high elasticity is not always capable of cranial bones protect the child from birth trauma.It happens that a newborn on her head formed a hematoma as a result of bleeding in the muscle tissue of
hematomas in infants are of different origin, depending on where it got the blood.Most of the time only that the children born there kefalogematomy, ieaccumulation of blood under the periosteum of the cranial bones.When pressed it produces an effect similar to a divergence of waves.
hematomas occur in newborns as a result of damage to blood vessels and their walls.
And such damage usually occurs in two cases:
- different pressure levels in the womb, and from the outside;
- overload experienced by the child during birth.
a healthy baby hematoma can appear when he has to make an effort, pushing out during childbirth.In the place on his body, he made his way from the mother's womb, and there is a bruise.Kid could be pushed-faced or the forehead, neck, or buttocks.Accordingly, at this point, and may receive blood or lymph edema.
In cases where there is a difference in pressure in the uterus and in the external environment, the baby can burst blood vessels, and blood poured out under the skin.There may also be small bubbles of clear liquid.
Premature babies probability of hematoma is very high, regardless of the course of childbirth complications.
more dangerous hematoma?
In most cases, hematoma in infants pose no health risk and do not require treatment.A few days after the child into the world bruise fades and soon disappears.As a rule, the end of the first month of life the baby from the hematoma does not leave any trace.
However, when the hematoma is very high, there is a danger hindered blood flow to the area of its distribution.Blood in large hematoma resolves with difficulty.This kid should see a doctor, who may prescribe your child a puncture - hematoma puncture needle to draw out its contents.
If you do not remove the contents of a large hematoma, it is likely festering. hardened by blood hematoma can turn into bone tissue, which is why the child will be an ugly bone defect. continuation of this unpleasant story would be surgery.In order to avoid such complications, the parents of a child with a hematoma necessarily need to show the doctor the baby.
Predisposition some children to bruising
Most kids swelling, formed during childbirth, very quickly subside and tumor absorbed without a trace.Parents should not be afraid when a hematoma, which can be colored in bright yellow, blue and purple streaks.
On the second day after delivery becomes pale yellow of the skin at the site of the tumor is leveled, and bruising are reduced, leaving baby's skin to the beginning of the second week of life.
However, if the baby has a genetic tendency to increased bleeding, in such cases, the hematoma is not so easy to get rid of.Kids who have a predisposition to bleeding in the genes, are at risk, exposed to the emergence and proliferation of hematoma.This category includes both children in the body wall of the blood vessels which are endowed with a high permeability, and there is a deficiency of vitamins K, C, P, that are responsible for normal blood clotting.
these children necessarily prescribe to prevent the growth of hematomas.Newborns do hemostatic injection of calcium chloride and vitamins are given antibiotics to prevent bacterial growth in the already accumulated blood in the hematoma.It is a strong factor in restoring the health of the baby and the rapid healing of bruises he is feeding mother's milk.