Children // Childhood diseases

Hemangioma and nevi in ​​newborns

Hemangioma and nevi in ​​newborns

When a baby is born with ugly birthmarks, it becomes a cause of constant grieving parents.Furthermore, if the purple birthmark is on the face or any other exposed skin of the child, it is obvious that in the future there will be a child and serious psychological problems and complexes.

Can it be so terrible and irreparable?Try to understand the causes of the appearance of birthmarks in newborns and consider the possibility of getting rid of them.

Causes of birthmarks

Crimson spots on children's skin can appear for several reasons, which are based on the development of abnormal capillaries, veins, arteries and venules.However, the subtleties of congenital skin defects, modern medicine has not yet been able to grasp.According to some assumptions physicians, the presence of nevi in ​​newborns due to the genetic nature of embryonic failure.

probable cause of vascular birthmarks considered a violation of the dynamics of the formation of the vascular endothelium, which is involved in the development of

cells surrounding blood vessels.There are vascular birthmarks of various kinds, depending on what is the basis of their origin - malformation of capillaries, veins, arteries, or venules.

In any case, the results of medical research does not suggest birthmarks hereditary defect.

However, the results of numerous observations were identified categories of children, in which the probability of a birthmark is highest, is:

  • children with white skin;

  • female infants (incidence of hemangiomas girls are 3-4 times higher than in boys);

  • premature babies.

Species birthmarks in newborns

more detail of birthmarks in newborns read here

Birthmarks in newborns divided into 3 main types:

  • hemangioma strawberry,

  • hemangioma cavernous,

  • nevus.

strawberry hemangioma is formed at the child on the basis of the group of vessels not sufficiently developed.Dimensions of birthmarks usually does not exceed 1 cm in diameter.Birthmark can appear as small dark bulge, which is sometimes slightly increased in size.These birthmarks usually disappear on their own by the time when the child is one year old.

If the strawberry hemangioma starts to bleed or rapidly increases, so the dermal defect requires treatment and surgery.In most cases, a serious danger of such a situation can not be held, because such hemangiomas respond well to therapeutic treatment.

cavernous hemangioma different specific bluish-red hue.It is larger in size than a strawberry hemangioma, and rough to the touch.In the first 6 months of life cavernous hemangioma usually grows in size, but then gradually decreases until it disappears completely.Reducing or disappearance of cavernous hemangioma usually occurs before the child reaches 5 years.

Nevus simple - a spot of orange color, which appears on the face or back of the head of the baby.Nevus just becomes visible when the child is nervous and hysterical orders.This skin defect does not pose any danger neither health nor for the exterior and extends until the child is 2 years old.

Nevus fire manifests itself in the form of spots of crimson hue.These spots are not, on the contrary, increase with age.Fiery Spot nevus can appear anywhere on the skin, but often children are born with spots nevus on the face.To save the child from such a skin defect, it is very important as soon as possible to see a doctor.

Fortunately, the fire spot nevus can be removed surgically or by laser.The sooner parents will show the baby doctor, the easier it will be to save the child from this ugly defect that can spoil it for the rest of life.Even if the spot is not located on the face and on the body of the baby, parents can not remain passive.

Nevus fire with age may greatly increase in size and cause serious psychological complexes, among which are generally low self-esteem and communication problems.Also note that swimming in the sea and sun tan people with fiery nevus is strictly prohibited.

complications in cases with birthmarks in children

According to statistics, about 2% of children with haemangiomatosis are not born with a single birthmark on the skin, and with a whole set of such skin lesions, which are not only on the skin surface, but also penetrate intointernal organs obstructing blood flow.

In cases of such complications is recommended to perform ultrasound, biopsy and CT scan in order to identify the causes of the formation of multiple birthmarks.Expanding such haemangiomatosis forms tumors represent serious health problems.

Fortunately, cases haemangiomatosis difficult to treat.If parents promptly seek medical help, multiple haemangiomatosis can be eliminated by surgical surgery and follow-up, the competent doctor.