August
12
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Children // Childhood diseases

Asphyxia

Asphyxia

Such a widespread phenomenon as asphyxia occurs in mild or severe in 70% of children who had just been born.The phenomenon of asphyxiation is very dangerous and a lack of child's spontaneous breathing, when the rest of the baby shows signs of life.

inability of the child to breathe leads to the development of oxygen starvation and the accumulation of excessive amounts of carbon dioxide into the child's body, which, in turn, is fraught with problems in the activities of children's central nervous system and respiratory system and blood circulation.

What is asphyxia in newborns?About

primary asphyxia say when it accompanies the birth of a child, secondary asphyxia can occur in infants during the first days after his birth.If mild asphyxia there is a particular danger to the baby's health, the severe form can lead to death.

Primary apnea is also called intrauterine and secondary - acquired, iearose after the appearance of a baby into the world.The most common secondary apnea is common among prematur

e infants, due to the lack of development of the respiratory system.

Article topic: fetal hypoxia

When a child experiences a mild asphyxia, it is expressed in a weakened breathing.A child makes his first breath of life, is not enough air, he gains his lungs, his muscle tone is weakened, in the nasolabial triangle can be seen bluish skin color.

asphyxia in high form newborn making first breath, starts breathing irregularly publishes a weak cry.Often children with asphyxia average form marked tachycardia and barikardiya reflexes weakened limbs and face covered by blue.

When the newborn is suffering from severe asphyxia, his breathing is very uneven, the child makes a moaning cry instead, pulse weak and slow, the skin has a pale color, mucous cyanotic, no reflexes. The heaviest option asphyxia - a clinical death, when it is taken for resuscitation to prevent the death of the baby.

What can cause asphyxia?

Primary apnea can be caused in the cases:
  • intracranial injury, which occurred in the course of delivery;

  • abnormalities in the child's development-related breathing problems;

  • immunological incompatibility between mother and child;

  • filling respiratory tract of the newborn amniotic fluid or mucus.

incorrectly occurring childbirth can cause primary asphyxia due to a series of anomalies of patrimonial activity, narrow pelvis mother, improper insertion of the head of the child, etc.

asphyxia often develop in newborns whose mothers were found extragenital disease, a severe form of iron deficiency anemia, late toxicosis, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.This pathological condition often occurs in children born to women with a diagnosis of intrauterine hypoxia in acute or chronic forms.

Secondary asphyxia usually cause congenital abnormalities in the baby's health, including the main ones are: congenital pneumonia, a number of diseases of the central nervous system of the child, circulation problems in the newborn brain.

What are the consequences of asphyxia newborns?

Child Health asphyxiated, is under threat following complications:

  • development of seizures;

  • diencephalic deviation;

  • hypo- and hyperexcitability;

  • development hydrocephalic syndrome.

These effects usually develop when severe asphyxia.Timely and prompt action to treat it can prevent the threat to the health of the baby.The sooner taken intensive care to a child in a state of asphyxia, the lower the risk of developing complications.

What measures asphyxia in a newborn?

If a child is born with the signs of asphyxia, immediately pump out mucus or amniotic fluid from his airways, to eliminate any obstacles to the full mechanical breathing baby.

After the adoption of measures resuscitation character requires careful monitoring of the baby of life by tracking all of his vital parameters.Child retreaded after asphyxia breathing placed in the intensive care unit, where he must undergo special treatment in order to prevent it from swelling of the brain and to establish the normal functioning of the body.

To prevent the risk of asphyxiation of the child, his future mother should be checked regularly during pregnancy for the development of pathologies.In the process of childbirth can not prevent fetal hypoxia for a long time.

important that the child was asphyxiated after competent medical support with good oxygen therapy.Once a child with his mother to leave the walls of the hospital, the baby should be shown regularly pediatrician and neurologist in order to prevent the development of disease in the activities of children's central nervous system.

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