Bronchitis is a disease that has developed as a result of suffering a cold virus or organism.
What are the symptoms of bronchitis in children?
bronchitis in children has the same symptoms as adults.However, in children the immune system has not yet formed, so the manifestations of the disease more pronounced, stronger intoxication, a painful condition of the body is transferred harder.
One of the main symptoms of bronchitis is a cough if listening to perform light, then they are clearly audible rattles which may be either dry or wet.
bronchitis Cough is a protective reaction of the body that seeks to liberate the airways of mucus.Mucus, in turn, provides a protective barrier against damage bronchi.Bronchial mucosal damage may be caused by the penetration of the infection, as well as the harmful effects of excessive amounts of dust or aerosols.
released when coughing sputum may be yellow-gray or greenish, sometimes streaked with blood.In addition to cough and excess mucus, the child may complain o
more detail of dry cough in a child read here
Causes bronchitis children
Causes of bronchitis are infectious agents, penetrated into the bronchial mucosa.Among these pathogens are influenza viruses, parainfluenza, adenovirus, and the bacteria staphylococcus, streptococcus, pneumococcus.
Besides viruses and bacteria that cause bronchitis may be atypical pathogens such as chlamydia and mycoplasma.Less bronchitis becomes the result of the harmful effects on the child's body to allergens or toxic gas.In extremely rare instances, bronchitis may be caused by a fungal infection.
Very often, bronchitis occurs due to combined effect of several pathogenic factors on the child's body.The weaker the immune system, the better the child falls ill infections, including bronchitis.
How is bronchitis in children?
Typically, the first stage of the disease the child's body is attacked by a virus infection, which weakens the immune system and provides access to the bacteria.After 3-5 days of exposure to the virus it is taken for bacteria, which are particularly active in the autumn and winter.Therefore, in the cold autumn and winter it is very common and acquire the character of seasonal outbreaks.
The disease is transmitted mainly by airborne droplets when an infected person coughs or bronchitis carrier sneezes, infection and intense air inhaled nearby healthy people.The risk of infection increases during the child's stay in a smoky and stuffy room, frequent and prolonged hypothermia, and if the child has any chronic disease.
What types of bronchitis?
Bronchitis can be acute, chronic and obstructive.
in acute bronchitis in a sick child diagnosed acute inflammation of the bronchial mucosa;
chronic bronchitis bronchial mucosa changes its structure, the inflammatory process in the bronchi does not stop, and becomes permanent and progresses;
obstructive bronchitis when a child becomes ill acute or chronic form of bronchitis, which is complicated by damage to the bronchial wall, impaired patency of air through the bronchi until the complete obstruction of the air jets.
How to treat a patient with bronchitis child?
Treatment of bronchitis can be carried out both at home and in the hospital.The order of treatment is determined by a physician who determines the degree of severity of the disease and prescribes the necessary course of drug therapy.
At home, bronchitis should be treated with strict observance of the following conditions:
regular release of the nasal mucus from the baby, but the careful use of nasal drops, because they, with frequent use, can cause narrowing of the blood vessels and atrophy;
receiving antipyretic drugs, if the temperature of the child;
reception expectorant drugs, infusions and decoctions;
the dry cough in children - receiving funds cough;
compresses and massage to strengthen the mucus waste, but at high temperature and shortness of breath, these procedures are not permitted.
treat the child in a medical hospital should be in cases where:
temperature rose to 38-39oS and lasts for 4 days;
child difficult and rapid breathing (rate of breaths per minute in a child up to 2 months. - 60, at the age of 3 to 6 months. - 50, from 1 to 3 years - more than 40).
When these symptoms, the child should be hospitalized immediately.
During treatment, parents need to be patient and gentle, as the patient is suffering from bronchitis kid increased nervous irritability and feeling depressed.It is recommended to spend more time with the child, to amuse, to tell stories, show pictures.Calm and cozy atmosphere have a positive impact on the child's condition and accelerate its recovery.