Diarrhea is one of the signs of acute intestinal poisoning in children.The diagnosis of "intestinal poisoning" means that the baby's intestines no longer cope with their core functions - Digestive and suction.
Standards chair children-babies
Features Power infants in the first months of their lives, as well as digestive enzyme system of children's chairs provide softness.Because newborns and infants chair has a liquid consistency, the parents of children are not always able to distinguish between normal stool chair baby from diarrhea.
If the child is breastfed, and thus have not yet received other foods and liquids other than breast milk, stool frequency had varied from 1 per several days to 2-5 times a day. normal color children's chair in such infants - yellow texture - pasty, homogeneous.The smell of sour stool.
impurities and the presence of green, blood and mucus should not be.
If the child is a mixed or artificial feeding, his chair is different from the above. chair color - dark yellow w
When grudnichok starts getting solid foods and more dense power, it becomes a chair design, stool frequency is reduced to an average of 1-2 times a day.Usually chair these children has a yellow or brownish color, and looks like a thick paste or a loose sausage. Sometimes, stools may be even less - 1 time in 2 days.When
chair grudnichka diarrhea should be considered?
Diarrhea - a liquid, in fact, watery stools containing impurities.This chair becomes frequent and irresistible character.Often defecation accompanied by pain, both in the stomach, and during the process of emptying the bowel.
on diarrhea in infants should be judged not by the frequency of stool, preferably on its consistency.Although thinner than stool consistency, the higher the frequency.However, at first, when the child just weeks or months of birth, even in his normal state of health and his chair is a frequent and small.Therefore, it should pay attention to its consistency.
If the baby is already more than a year, the frequency of the chair is already possible to judge the presence of variations in health.Hazards are chair, if liquid and abundant, there is more than 6-10 times during the day and includes green blotches.
most commonly diarrhea occurs in infants due to the intolerance of the child's body power, and because of intestinal infections, acute respiratory viral infections, inappropriate medications, allergies to certain types of food.Diarrhea in a ratio of greater than 10 g per 1 kg of body weight of the child is dangerous with its complications.Such complications can be many and varied: dehydration and electrolyte imbalance and distortion lead to violations of the heart, kidneys, nervous system, blood vessels, etc.
For more information about the causes of diarrhea in children read here
First aid for diarrhea in infants - a measure to restore the water and salt balance in the child's body.The child needs to drink that should give him a little bit (15-30 ml) every 15-20 minutes between meals.The best liquid for otpaivaniya baby - electrolyte solution (Howman, Regidron, electrolyte, tours, etc..) Is allowed and encouraged otpaivanie baby broth raisins, compote of dried fruits, non-carbonated mineral water.
If a child is suffering from an acute intestinal infection, should be radically changed his diet.Mucosal surface of the intestine must be completely restored, so the baby should be fed light and healthy food.Do not give your child foods rich in fiber: they lead to fermentation and bloating can cause intestinal colic.Among the unsuitable products - raw vegetables, fruits, fruit juices, all kinds of beans, mushrooms, nuts.No admission of carbonated water, broths, fatty meat, all kinds of roasted, smoked and pickled foods, and confectionery and rich pastries.
child who is fed breast milk should continue to breastfeed, avoiding overfeeding, so his digestive system is experiencing congestion.Kids-bottle-feed mixtures must, as before, but the amount of disposable feeding should be reduced, and increase the frequency of feedings.Your doctor may prescribe additional child medical mixture - dairy or low-lactose.
If your child has turned six months, and he ate not only milk, but also the lure, at the first sign of diarrhea complementary foods should be repealed, and give your baby only breast or a mixture, if it is bottle-.Subsequently, depending on the condition of the child, the lure can be resumed, starting with small portions and gradually increasing them.
child older than one year, it is recommended to give diarrhea decoctions of rice or porridge oats and liquid - rice, oatmeal, buckwheat.Kashi to be welded on the water and oil-free.Do not force a child to eat if he does not want.Children's body itself regulates the appetite, and as soon begins to feel the need for food, the baby immediately feel hunger.Do not offer the child breads, cookies and crackers.Such food will do more harm than good, overloading the digestive tract of the baby.The best diet - porridge slimy liquid, and then - rather thin vegetable soups with carrots and potatoes.
well restores intestinal microflora baked apples, carrot broth and carrot puree.But milk products from the diet of a child should be removed at 1-3 weeks.Fermented beverages such as yogurt, yogurt acidophilus and would be useful for the intestine in case they are fresh, low-fat and no additives.After 2-3 weeks of a sparing diet, if the child has diarrhea has stopped, you can return to the usual diet.
recovery of the intestine - a rather lengthy process, and the expansion of children's diet at the expense of new food products should be carried out gradually and slowly.If the child has diarrhea, does not stop the deterioration of health and the baby is progressing, then you must consult a doctor with a view to a thorough examination of the organization and proper treatment of the child from the disease that caused diarrhea.