otitis media, or middle ear infection, is caused by viral or bacterial infections or allergies.
child enough supercooled, substituting ear by a breeze or draft to be ill otitis.Very often, otitis media develops in babies with a stuffy nose.
Child-grudnichok can catch otitis, after feeding if the mother did not let him burp the air, and immediately packed.In this position, regurgitation directs the milk straight to the auditory tube, and baby's eye is inflamed.
very dangerous for children bacterial otitis media, which aggravates the already developed a viral infection in the child's body and can lead to serious complications such as meningitis.In children with allergies may develop allergic otitis.
otitis What is dangerous for the child?
Most often it is the children sick with bacterial otitis, who joins the already developed viral diseases and therefore its treatment requires the use of antibiotics.
Eustachian tube cavity filled with mucus and nasal mucosa swells, preventing the free flow of muc
acute catarrhal purulent otitis becomes when instead of mucus in the tympanic cavity is going to pus.He presses on the eardrum, causing severe pain.Relief comes when the pus breaks through this membrane, after which the temperature drops, the pain goes away, and the child is experiencing significant relief.
Sometimes the doctor may refer the patient himself with purulent otitis child on the operation of cutting the tympanic membrane and the removal of pus.If you do not provide the eardrum, the pus may move into the cranial cavity, threatening meningitis.
If your child is prone to frequent otitis diseases, parents should seriously treat the prevention and treatment of this disease, asits effects can seriously affect the health of your baby.Frequent ear infections are the cause of the inflammation and increase the adenoids as well as the development of a child's hearing loss.Launched otitis threatens the development of meningitis, mastoiditis, septicemia.
Symptoms of otitis media in infants
If the child is 2 years now in a position to tell my mother that he had a sore ear, the baby under one year can not do this.When otitis in infants begins, the child becomes restless and whiny, bad eating.The child, when trying to take the breast, there is pain in the ear, and the child immediately throws his chest and begins to cry.
To determine whether your grudnichka otitis media, push the tragus in the ear of his.It is better to do it when the baby is in a relaxed state, such as when he is sleeping.If the reaction of the child will be painful, screaming, trying to dodge, it should be as soon as possible to show the child Laura.
At 4 months of age grudnichok will reach for the patient eyelet and pull at it and shaking his head from side to side, showing an irritated state.Ear with otitis badly hurt, and the pain is haunted by a child.He will turn and nervous.
Temperature otitis increases, often to 38-39oS.The more severe the illness, the worse it feels the baby.The child begins to refuse to eat, throws back his head, he could vomit.
have older kids, in addition to ear pain, temperature, and loss of appetite, runny nose, and develops pain in the neck.Children with chronic adenoiditis most susceptible to inflammation in the ears.Ear pain can be not only acute but also oppressive, and occur when a child tries to move the lower jaw.
Bilateral otitis media in young children
Otitis - a very common disease in children aged under one year.Almost half of the children of this age certainly ill otitis.And most kids are ill-grudnichki bilateral otitis because of the structural features of the hearing aid.
Because a baby's Eustachian tube is not only short and wide, but still located almost horizontally, it easily penetrates the infection of the nose and throat, causing inflammation in the middle ear.In addition, the situation is aggravated friability of the mucous tissue in children's ear.In this fabric a little bit of blood vessels, and it becomes easily susceptible to disease-causing bacteria and viruses.
In addition, children's tympanic membrane is thick and very rarely breaks under the pressure of accumulated pus.This leads to complications of the disease in neonates and infants.
predisposition to disease otitis may develop in infants with reduced immunity, as well as in children, patients with diphtheria, measles, scarlet fever.The kids are older, subject to frequent respiratory diseases, suffer from swelling of the pharyngeal tonsils and adenoids, which leads to the development of chronic otitis.
treatment of otitis media in children
Otitis media in children is most often treated at home, and less - in the hospital.To cure the baby from otitis media, should be eliminated, the cause of the disease, ie,viral or bacterial infection.For this purpose, the child is appointed by antiviral therapy or a course of antibiotics.
Along with therapy, the baby is carried out on the basis of receiving anesthesia syrup containing paracetamol.To remove the pain in the ear, appoint instillation.The nose is required to bury vasoconstrictor drops to shine with the swelling of the mucosa and to open a passage to the eustachian tube.
procedures prescribed by a doctor to the patient otitis child may include heating, if the middle ear is not pus.If there is pus, your doctor may refer your baby to a vacuum suction.Often assigned different tabs washing with antiseptic solutions.
In addition to these funds, the child prescribers analgesic nature.If necessary, your doctor may prescribe your child an antihistamine to reduce the overall toxicity in the child's body.If all these measures do not lead to suppression of the disease, the doctor prescribes antibiotics orally and intramuscularly.
If the child's condition continues to worsen, the doctor may refer your baby to bypass the procedure of the tympanic cavity.With the continuing progress of the disease the child do the cutting of the eardrum - paracentesis.
Thus, the treatment of any form of otitis media in young children requires experience and expertise.Self when otitis unacceptable necessarily address to the doctor.The doctor, on the basis of inspection and tests, prescribe the best treatment.Only with timely treatment to a specialist and then continuously monitoring the course of the disease can protect your baby from developing serious complications.
Because any disease is easier to prevent than to cure, parents need to watch closely to ensure that their kid was always hat in windy conditions.Caring mother never failed to meet their infants, do not provide him with regurgitation, and always with a cold nose to cleanse your child.The adoption of these measures, even if already significantly reduce the probability of occurrence of otitis your baby.