Gestation // Early pregnancy

Hemoglobin in pregnancy

Hemoglobin in pregnancy

normal during pregnancy depends on many different factors.Therefore, from the beginning of pregnancy, and then later a few more times a woman will deliver a complete blood count.That data in this analysis are among the main indicators of a normal pregnancy.Among the main factors in the overall analysis of the blood called hemoglobin level.

Significance of hemoglobin during pregnancy

Hemoglobin is the part of red blood cells, responsible for the circulation of oxygen in the blood from the respiratory organs to tissues.Among other things, it also provides transportation hemoglobin carbon dioxide from the tissues in the respiratory system.The level of hemoglobin in the blood is given an important diagnostic value - the doctor, taking into account this indicator can confirm safe pregnancy and normal patients.In the event of pregnancy diagnostic value of hemoglobin concentration increases significantly.

normal hemoglobin during pregnancy

normal level of hemoglobin in a healthy person is in the range

of 120-140 g / l.However, pregnancy leads to significant changes in the female body, including a natural decline in hemoglobin begins: there razzhizhzhenie blood, with a significant increase in its volume, because of which decreases the concentration of hemoglobin.Consequently, the level of hemoglobin in the blood can vary - it is quite normal for pregnant women.In the studies of experts, the following numbers of hemoglobin during pregnancy: for the first trimester of the value is in the range 112-160 g / l for the second -108-144 g / l, the third - 100-140 g / l.

According Obstetricians and Gynecologists when planning pregnancy and the early stages of carrying the child, women should think proper preventive reduction of hemoglobin, because this period is often accompanied by the development of anemia.More rarely becoming excess of normal levels of hemoglobin, the permissible values.

Reasons high hemoglobin during pregnancy

Immediately it should be noted the high content of hemoglobin is not always becomes an occasion for anxiety or feelings.Pregnant is often elevated hemoglobin during the first trimester, walking alone in the future - when the baby begins to actively receive the necessary resources from the mother's body for its full development and growth.Do not succumb to feelings when the hemoglobin level exceeds the norm is insignificant, and the breach was detected only once.

It is also important to consider that the result of intense physical activity and receipt of rarefied air in the body (in particular, for stays in the highlands) naturally increases the content of hemoglobin in the blood.However, sometimes the cause of this trend are some glitches in the female body.

Increased hemoglobin could be a sign of deficiency of certain components in a pregnant woman's body, including folic acid (vitamin B9) and B12.In the case of the latter may simply be unable to digest as a result of malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract.High hemoglobin may indicate heart disease, kidney problems, stomach or bowel.Although still not be ruled out hereditary factor.This state - a risk factor for blood clots, which is very undesirable during pregnancy.

thickening of the blood in the case of a high level of hemoglobin becomes an obstacle to its normal circulation in the blood vessels.Consequently, the child is prevented from getting enough oxygen and nutrients.Therefore, with high probability the doctor will recommend a pregnant woman more than regular walking outdoors, make some adjustments in eating habits and drinking balance.Diagnosed elevated levels of hemoglobin in the case where the value exceeds the range of 150-160 g / l.Yet in most cases is not increasing and reducing the concentration of hemoglobin in the blood of pregnant women.

Causes of low hemoglobin in pregnant women

Quite often decrease in hemoglobin during pregnancy occurs at the end of the second - early third trimesters.These changes are considered to be quite normal.But the detection of reduction in hemoglobin levels before 24 weeks of gestation, it is possible to judge the case of anemia.This phenomenon may be due to many different causes, including a lack of zinc, iron, copper, folic acid, or nerve stress dysbacteriosis.

Reveals anemia during pregnancy in case of decrease in hemoglobin in the blood of women of less than 110 g / l.In most cases, it is characterized by the development of iron deficiency anemia, which becomes the cause of shortfall or lack of iron stores in the body.

About half of all cases of pregnant women have reduced levels of hemoglobin.Depending on the concentration of hemoglobin, iron deficiency anemia can be of three degrees:

  • Mild anemia - is a value in the range 110-90 g / l.

  • average degree of - the range 90-80 g / l.

  • Heavy - form - 70 g / l or lower.

consequence of the low level of hemoglobin is constant tiredness, lethargy, loss of emotional tone.Gradually, the situation will get worse, being supplemented with tachycardia, shortness of breath, poor appetite, muscle hypotonia, digestive disorders.There is also the likelihood of brittle nails, hair, stomatitis, frequent respiratory infections, dry skin.

All these phenomena are a sign of iron deficiency in women.For a woman during pregnancy, the importance given to the shortfall, as soon as possible.Because in the future will not suffer herself, and the state of the unborn child.The consequence of the reduced hemoglobin level may be early or late toxicosis gestosis, premature birth, often lead to a shortage of oxygen to the baby, which is why there is a threat of fetal hypoxia in the child after birth may be a violation of the respiratory system can be underweight.

products to increase hemoglobin during pregnancy

to normalization of hemoglobin in the blood circulation is recommended to consult your doctor.In this case, the treating physician will determine the most suitable iron supplements designed to change the level of hemoglobin.

Yet to make up the hemoglobin in the body is recommended not to use drugs, and the normalization of their balanced diet.In addition, many products due to its composition contribute to the replenishment of the deficit:

  • Among the meat products it should be noted the kidneys, heart, poultry, fish, white chicken meat, tongue.

  • Cereals and grains - beans, buckwheat, peas, lentils, rye.

  • vegetables and herbs - potatoes, fresh tomatoes, beets, squash, onions, dandelion leaves, watercress, parsley, spinach.

  • Fruits - green or red apples, persimmons, plums, pomegranates, bananas, peaches, pears, quinces, apricots.

  • berries - cranberries and black currants, blueberries, strawberries.

  • Juice - Pomegranate (no more than 2 drinks of the day), carrot, beet, apple juice with a high concentration of iron.

including hemoglobin can enhance the consumption of black and red caviar, walnuts, dark chocolate, a variety of seafood, dried fruit, dried mushrooms and hematogen.To improve the effect you should consider walking outdoors, with a regular performing gymnastics and breathing exercises.

It is also important to take into account some of the recommendations that will help the body to properly absorb the incoming food - for maximum benefit and the necessary resources.

First of all, to consider - the iron is better absorbed when combined with the use of the products are high in vitamin C. In particular, you should supplement your diet with vegetable and fruit juices.For example, you should pour cereal with orange juice or pour burgers for lunch tomato juice.

Secondly, it should abandon black tea, which prevents proper absorption of iron.Instead, it is better to choose green tea.

Third, during pregnancy should abandon the liver, given the high content of vitamins D and A. When the consumption of the liver possible overdose of vitamins data.It is also recommended to limit consumption in the diet of pomegranate juice, given the likelihood of constipation.In any case it should not be overzealous as to unpleasant consequences may result not only deficiency of vitamin and mineral components, including iron, but also their overabundance.