Pregnancy can give not only the happy anticipation, but various changes your body and health.Among the most common manifestations of this period it is worth noting an increase of sleepiness, fatigue, symptoms of nausea, shortness of breath, frequent urge to urinate and the occurrence of edema.Do not ignore these changes hoping for the best, because sometimes they are not taking the necessary measures, can lead to serious consequences.In this article we will talk in detail about the reasons for the appearance of edema during pregnancy and possible ways to address them.Existing medical statistics confirm that women during pregnancy faced with swelling in 10-15% of cases.
Article topic: Edema during pregnancy
Causes of edema during pregnancy
Pregnancy leads to numerous changes in the female body.Indeed, in this period, the body's main function is to create the necessary conditions for successful childbearing.Therefore, the body directs all efforts to provide the appropriate conditions, which have
First of all, pregnancy causes changes in hormonal levels of the female body.Ten times increases the level of sex hormone progesterone.He rightly received the title of the pregnancy hormone, as it depends on him, and the preservation of normal pregnancy.
effect of this hormone helps to relax the uterine muscles to reduce it did not lead to the rejection of the fetus.But precisely because of the actions of progesterone.Female body is faced with the problem of water retention and salt, resulting in the formation of edema.Also pregnancy accompanied by increased blood volume circulating in the body.This change is also quite naturally leads to edema, which is particularly common on the feet and hands.
When edema in these two cases, the danger arises.But even when the cause is not related to these two reasons, it is not necessary to worry and worry.Just be as soon as possible take the necessary measures.Swelling during pregnancy can sometimes indicate problems in the cardiovascular system or kidneys.Also cause swelling and sometimes a toxicosis second half of pregnancy - preeclampsia.
The cause of preeclampsia are disturbances in blood supply of some internal organs (especially the brain and kidneys), causing a spasm of the capillaries.Located in the capillaries of the liquid is in the tissues, causing edema.During pregnancy while facing various ailments of their condition: seizures, high blood pressure, loss of consciousness.According to the results of a urine test can not determine the appearance of the protein, which is absent in the urine of a healthy person.
to edema during pregnancy can cause varicose veins - starting or available.Varicose veins have to be considered sufficiently dangerous disease, which leads not only to cosmetic flaws, but also to the threat of blood clots.
Article topic: Swelling in late pregnancy
Symptoms of edema during pregnancy
woman may notice edema and independently.Including the first manifestations of edema can not wear normal shoes and ring finger is removed from serious problems.Fingers are like a "puffed", compress them into a fist rather problematic.Noticeably in this case, swelling of the face, eyelids.During this period the person becomes much "harder", more rounded.The manifestation of edema especially true if the length of time in the vertical position.In the morning they noticed more difficult, given the uniform distribution of fluid in the body during the night.Another reliable sign of edema - a pale, smooth skin like stretched.When pressure is applied to the skin in such a state there is a pit in time gradually leveling.
In cases of edema implicit when a gynecologist there is reason to talk about the hidden edema need to pass additional tests to determine the diagnosis.One such study surveys becomes urination, in accordance with the amount of liquid drunk during the day.It can be used and the method of sample Blistering - injection under the skin of a special solution.This solution should dissolve within one hour.If he is, this requires much more time, the presence of edema is confirmed.The third survey is to measure the circumference of the legs.With an increase in the ankle on the results of a systematic analysis of more than 10-15 mm, expert says the presence of edema.
Risk of edema during pregnancy
When edema alone, not accompanied by an increase in blood pressure or the appearance of protein in the urine, can not speak of a specific danger.If the situation is a threat, it will require medical treatment for the prevention of preeclampsia.After all, in 90% of cases the cause of oxygen deficiency (hypoxia) of the fetus and the onset of preterm labor is getting preeclampsia.
See also: Eufillin pregnancy
How to treat edema during pregnancy
In case of edema as a result of preeclampsia, women need to be hospitalized to undergo appropriate treatment.Doctors will have to rid the body of a pregnant woman from excess moisture and to take measures against the development of hypoxia (oxygen starvation) of the fetus, ensuring the prevention of violations of child development.A longer period may be required premature delivery.
For lighter cases can benefit the use of diuretics juices (especially birch) and teas.
consider in his article some common recipes for teas with diuretic:
- Take the bear ears, kidney and field horsetail tea - all in equal parts.The recommended daily 200 ml.this tea (60-70 ml. at a time).The course lasts 3-4 weeks of application.
- insist leaves white birch (1-2 tbsp. Tablespoons) 2 hours boiling water (0.5 liters).We accept decoction 3-5 times a day for half a cup at a time - before eating.
- Corn stigma (1-2 tbsp. Tablespoons) insist in a glass of boiling water for 3 hours.Strain the broth with honey (1-2 tbsp. Spoons).Accepted for 2 tablespoons.tablespoons every 3 hours, regardless of the meal.
- Dried apple peel (1 tbsp. L.) Pour boiling water (one cup).Infused for 10-15 minutes, after which you can use.It takes half a cup at a time.It can be used up to 6 times per day.
use of diuretics during pregnancy is possible only after consultation with experts.
To get rid of the problem of swelling and coming changes in their traditional way of life: increase the number of movements at rest lift your legs up, do the exercises for pregnant women, often staying on the open air.It is also helpful not to be in a hot place (including the need to eliminate all the bath).To get rid of edema recommended baths with sea salt (water temperature 35 degrees), a foot massage, the rejection of spices (especially acute), smoked products, reducing the amount of salt in your diet.
In the case of varicose veins prerequisite for the whole period of pregnancy, especially during the last trimester, are special compression stockings.