during pregnancy can sometimes certain problems for the state and development of the fetus.Some of these problems can lead to quite serious consequences.Therefore, it is important information about the possible violations of the fetus to avoid this danger.Fetal hypoxia is one such dangerous violations.Accordingly, we will pay special attention to this issue, considered the possible causes of danger and the necessary measures for a pregnant woman.
Causes of fetal hypoxia during pregnancy
Hypoxia is the complex changes which the fetus is undergoing as a result of oxygen deficiency.According to the current statistics, faced with a similar problem about 10% of pregnant women, mainly due to diseases of the future mother and smoking.Among such diseases which may be mentioned respiratory diseases, the cardiovascular system, kidney, anemia (decreased hemoglobin) and diabetes.To promote the development of hypoxia may "perenashivanie" pregnancy, abnormalities of labor, its complications, pathology of the pla
lead to hypoxia and can be fetal disease: intrauterine infection, hemolytic disease, squeezing head at birth, congenital malformations.The child in the womb is not able to breathe on their own, therefore have to rely on oxygen because of the mother's body - for its development and growth.The responsible authority for the transmission to the fetus of oxygen and nutrients to the placenta becomes connecting the mother and the unborn child.Oxygen is supplied to the child of the woman's blood.If the female body is faced with the lack of certain nutrients, their deficit will occur in the fetus.Among these nutrients and oxygen required it is called.The consequence of hypoxia may be severe necrosis, ischemia and death of the fetus.
Article topic: symptoms of fetal hypoxia
Forms and dangers of fetal hypoxia during pregnancy
Effects of oxygen deficiency for the child may be different, depending on the duration of pregnancy.In particular, hypoxia during the first trimester of pregnancy provoking slowing the development of the embryo.When hypoxia in the third trimester of pregnancy may be a delay of growth of the child, with lesions of the central nervous system, with negative consequences for the adaptive abilities.
Specialists note two types of hypoxia, which differ in the length of the disease.The development of acute hypoxia occurs suddenly, and chronic saved quite a long time.The most common appearance of acute hypoxia characteristic of themselves childbirth during pregnancy is relatively rare.And the appearance of chronic hypoxia is more typical during pregnancy.
Article topic: consequences of fetal hypoxia
how to detect fetal hypoxia during pregnancy
hypoxia in early pregnancy manifests as palpitations, in the late - delayed.Easy hypoxia is characterized by increased activity of fetal movements, severe - slow activity, with occasional stirring of the child.Oxygen starvation is diagnosed as fetal.The doctor due to the method of auscultation (using a stethoscope to account for fetal heart) makes the assessment of heart rate, presence of noise sonority and heart sounds.However, it is recognized that the implementation of this method does not exclude the likelihood of erroneous data.
cardiotocography (CTG) - the most common way to detect hypoxia.In this case, it uses an ultrasonic sensor that is placed in a special point on the abdomen of a pregnant woman.Produced written fixation of data on heart rate.The importance of such a diagnosis removes fetal heart rate.
Doppler based on the study of blood flow in the vessels of the umbilical cord, uterus and fetus.Accordingly, the system analyzes the "mother - placenta - fetus" for the understanding of the extent and effects of hypoxia.
See also: fetal hypoxia
ways of preventing pregnancy when fetal hypoxia
basis of prevention of fetal hypoxia becomes timely detection and treatment of complications that accompany pregnancy.Perfect prevention - avoiding harmful habits, respect for the right image and the rhythm of life, regular monitoring by a doctor and possibly a greater presence in the fresh air.
for the treatment of fetal hypoxia requires an integrated approach - initially will eliminate the underlying disease are women.Then organized therapy aimed at normalizing the placental circulation.It is recommended that women bed rest to improve blood flow to the uterus.Also, treatment involves reducing the viscosity of the blood, reducing the tendency for the appearance of blood clots.To this effect, the doctor prescribes the use of chimes reopoliglyukina and low-dose aspirin.The components of the treatment are also becoming lipostabil or Essentiale forte - improve cell permeability to oxygen.Supplemented by drugs and vitamins C and E. When the state as a result of combination therapy has not improved, will emergency cesarean section delivery, subject to the achievement of viability of the fetus.
woman must understand - it becomes a smoking gradual killing of the fetus.Since nicotine and provokes the appearance of fetal hypoxia.When planning a pregnancy should take into account that the appearance of oxygen starvation of a child depends on his father smoking.Show your concern for the child, give up this habit, which is harmful both for you and for him.